Foreman with Track Motor Car Group Boating on Lake Washington Bellevue Way Foreman with Track Motor Car Group Boating on Lake Washington Bellevue Way
KCsnapshots Sample Collection Images
KCsnapshots Sample Collection Images  


We have made use of these Web resources in the creation of King County Snapshots. All URLs were valid as of May 26, 2004.

Scanning/Digital Images

  • Besser, Howard and Jennifer Trant. Introduction to Imaging: Issues in Constructing an Image Database. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2000.

    This site introduces the technology and vocabulary of digital imaging as they relate to the development of image databases depicting works found in museum collections. It illustrates the choices that must be made when images are captured, and outlines the areas in which institutional strategies regarding the use of imaging technologies must be developed.

  • Council on Library and Information Resources, Digital Library Federation, and Research Libraries Group. Guides to Quality in Visual Resource Imaging. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2000.

    The guides are written for those who have already decided what they will digitize and what purposes the digital images will serve. After the often-complex matters of selection have been settled, these guides address the steps to successfully create and store high-quality digital masters and derivatives. They include project planning, scanner selection, imaging system set-up, and the resulting digital masters.

  • Fulton, Wayne. A Few Scanning Tips.

    This site covers the fundamentals of digital images, and is especially useful for those doing their own scanning.

  • Image Permanence Institute. Recommendations for the Evaluation of Digital Images Produced from Photographic, Microphotographic, and Various Paper Formats. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1996. (archived in 2014).

    The National Digital Library Program contracted with the Image Permanence Institute (IPI) in Rochester, New York, to produce a report providing recommendations for methods to evaluate the performance and products of scanning service providers. These methods include the use of standard "targets" and a description of the tools and devices needed to measure image quality. The principal investigators were James Reilly and Dr. Franziska Frey.

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Metadata Guidelines, Resources, and Controlled Vocabularies

  • Cataloger's Reference Shelf. Inwood, WV: The Library Corporation, 2001.

    The CRS is based on 21 MARC manuals and other reference works published by the Library of Congress and frequently accessed by technical services staff.

  • Geographic Names Information System. Reston, VA: U.S. Geographical Survey/U.S. Board on Geographic Names.

    The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) contains information about almost 2 million physical and cultural geographic features in the United States. The Federally recognized name of each feature described in the database is identified, and references are made to a feature's location by State, county, and geographic coordinates. The GNIS is our Nation's official repository of domestic geographic names information.

  • Introduction to Vocabularies: A Guide to Enhancing Access to Art and Material Culture Information. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2000.

    This Tutorial is a self-guided introduction to the topic of vocabularies and related issues - documentation, standards, and access.

  • Library of Congress Authorities. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress.

    An authority record is a tool used by librarians to establish forms of names (for persons, places, meetings, and organizations), titles, and subjects used on bibliographic records. Authority records enable librarians to provide uniform access to materials in library catalogs and to provide clear identification of authors and subject headings.

  • Metadata Guidelines for Collections Using CONTENTdm. Seattle: University of Washington Libraries Metadata Implementation Group, 2001.

    As a committee of the University of Washington Libraries, reporting to the Associate Director for Resources and Collections Management Services, the Metadata Implementation Group (MIG) develops and promotes the use of metadata standards to ensure reliable resource discovery within and across digital library projects. The Group will identify appropriate metadata and coordinate consistent application of metadata across a variety of software environments and resource types.

  • Pacific Northwest Regional Newspaper and Periodical Index. Seattle: University of Washington Libraries Manuscripts, Special Collections, and University Archives.

    The Regional Index contains citations from hundreds of publications. These include newspapers, periodicals, theses, dissertations and monographs as well as scrapbooks, pamphlets, and other ephemera dealing with all aspects of life in Seattle, Washington State, and the Pacific Northwest from the 1850s to the present.

  • Reese, Gary Fuller. Washington Place Names Database. Tacoma, WA: Tacoma Public Library.

    Mr. Reese spent more than 25 years reviewing the literature, searching documents and maps, and visiting every place below 6,000 feet to insure the accuracy of this database, updating the work of such pioneer writers as Edmund S. Meany and Robert Hitchman.

  • Thesaurus for Graphic Materials I: Subject Terms (TGM 1). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, 1995.

    This thesaurus of terms for indexing visual materials includes over 6,300 terms, as well as numerous cross-references. New terms are added regularly.

  • Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II: Genre & Physical Characteristic Terms (TGM 2). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, 1995.

    This thesaurus of descriptive terms for graphic materials includes more than 600 terms.

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Digital Collection How-tos

  • Creating and Managing Digital Content. Canadian Heritage Information Network, 2002.

    This site provides guidance in the creation and management of digital content, and includes a special section geared toward small museums.

  • Colorado Digitization Program. Denver: Colorado Digitization Project, 2000.

    This Web site brings together existing Colorado digital collections and links to related national collections, and provides those interested in digitization information on scanning, creation of metadata, legal issues, and more.

  • Building Digital Collections: Technical Information and Background Papers. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress National Digital Library Program. (archived in 2014).

    The information on this page documents technical activities related to the American Memory Collections produced by the National Digital Library Program (NDLP) at the Library of Congress. This page is updated and expanded periodically.

  • Digital Best Practices. Olympia, WA: Washington State Library.

    This site will guide you through the major decision points in planning a digital project by offering you several categories of information to consult and pointing you to a variety of resources.

  • A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections. Washington, D.C.: Digital Library Forum, convened by Institute for Museum and Library Services, 2001. Updated by NISO, 2004.

    This report, intended as a resource for grant applicants, IMLS and other federal funding agencies, discusses issues relating to the implementation and management of networked digital libraries.

  • NLG Project Planning: A Tutorial. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Museum and Library Services, 2003.

    This tutorial is designed for museums, libraries, and related organizations that are applying for National Leadership Grants (NLG). The purpose is to provide you with skills, knowledge, and tools to develop a good project plan.

  • Sitts, Maxine K., ed. Handbook for Digital Projects: A Management Tool for Preservation and Access. Andover, MA: Northeast Document Conservation Center, 2000.

    An easy-to-use primer, Handbook for Digital Projects is focused on meeting the information needs of libraries, museums, archives, and other collections holding institutions. It is intended to serve as a resource and response to the questions, conflicts, and unique preservation challenges produced by ever-evolving technologies.

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Digital Collections with historical content relating to Washington State

  • American Memory. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress National Digital Library Program. (archived in 2014).

    American Memory was a gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States. The site offered more than 7 million digital items from more than 100 historical collections, and included numerous maps, documents, and images relating to Washington State history.

  • Densho Educational Web site. Seattle: Densho, 2002.

    Densho uses digital technology to preserve and make accessible primary source materials on the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans. This Web site contains new curriculum co-developed with Stanford University (Civil Rights and Internment) and a section that relates the factors that caused the incarceration with current events (Causes of the Incarceration).

  • HistoryLink. Seattle: History Ink.

    HistoryLink is an evolving online encyclopedia of Seattle/King County and Washington State history.

  • MOHAI's Historic Photo Database. Seattle: Museum of History & Industry.

    This searchable collection of historic images from the Pacific Northwest and Alaska uses images selected from the 1.2 million photographs in MOHAI's collection.

  • University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections. Seattle: University of Washington.

    This site features a growing number of collections from the University of Washington Libraries and faculty in such diverse areas as the humanities, the natural sciences, and the regional cultures of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska. These collections are especially strong in Seattle history, architecture, labor and industry, the Klondike Gold Rush, and our natural environment.

  • Washington History. Olympia, WA: Washington Secretary of State.

    This growing resource of digitized materials related to Washington State History includes a Territorial timeline, histories of cities and counties with historical maps, and historical records include census data.

  • Washington State Government Sources: Digital Collections. Olympia, WA: The Evergreen State College, 2001.

    This list includes digital collections at public libraries and universities throughout the state.

  • Yakima Memory. Yakima, WA: Yakima Valley Regional Library and Yakima Valley Museum, 2002.

    This site features approximately 9,000 photographs from two collections.

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Heritage Resources in King County

  • Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. Seattle: University of Washington, 2002.

    The Burke Museum, located on the campus of the University of Washington in Seattle Washington, is the State museum of natural and cultural history, and the only major natural history museum in the Northwest. It's a treasure trove of natural and artistic wonders from the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Rim. Collection highlights include towering totem poles and huge, hand carved cedar canoes; the region's only dinosaur skeleton; beautiful gems and minerals; fascinating fossils; birds, beetles, and butterflies.

  • 4Culture. Seattle: King County Office of Cultural Resources, 2004.

    4Culture fosters a vigorous and healthy cultural climate throughout the greater Puget Sound region by offering a variety of programs and services that enhance opportunities for citizens and visitors to participate in arts, heritage, historic preservation, and public art. 4Culture, which opened in 2004, evolved from the Office of Cultural Resources, a King County agency with roots that reach back 35 years, and went by the transitional name Cultural Development Authority (CDA) in 2003. 4Culture is a public development authority that combines public stewardship with the agility of the private sector.

  • King County Sesquicentennial 1852-2002. Seattle: King County, 2002.

    Created to honor the 150th anniversary of the creation of King County, the KC150 project aims to better connect the people of King County with their collective history of self-governance.

  • REM Photographic Heritage Project. Photographic Archives in Washington State: King County. Bellevue, WA: Bellevue Community College, 1997.

    Created by Rod Slemmons, Eric Taylor, and Mildred T. Andrews, this Web site provides information about location, content and access to collections of historic photographs in King County, and also features technical assistance information concerning the preservation, cataloging, duplication and storage of photographic collections, both public and private.

  • Seattle Municipal Archives. Seattle: City of Seattle, Office of the City Clerk, 2002.

    The Seattle Municipal Archives collects, preserves, and makes available for research the records of City agencies and elected officials. Records date from the 1870s to the present.

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