Seattle and The World in 1909
- Seattle's population in 1910: 237,194.
- Life expectancy is 48 for men and 52 for women.
- By 1910 many Seattle homes and factories have electricity. However, electric home appliances won't become available until 1911.
- In 1909 women can't vote. Washington women got the vote in 1883 but lost it in a State Supreme Court decision in 1890. In 1910 they were again given the vote, 10 years before the US Constitution was amended.
- In 1906, there were 763 cars in Seattle. Speeds are limited to 4 mph downhill and 8 mph uphill. Vehicles are first licensed in 1909 although license plates won't appear until 1915. Shell will bring the first gas station to Seattle in 1912.
- The Sorrento Hotel, on Madison in Seattle, opens in 1909 – the first guest was President William Howard Taft.
- L.C. Smith, who amassed his fortune from his Smith typewriters, starts plans in 1909 to build the 21-story Smith Tower to hold 600 offices on Second and Yesler in downtown Seattle.
Average US annual salary: $750
Hourly wages: 29-45¢
Milk: 32¢ gal. Eggs: 29¢ doz.
Sugar: 6¢ lb.
Whiskey: $3.50 gal.
Average U.S. House: $2,650
The Nation & the World
- Ernest Shackleton's expedition finds the magnetic South Pole
- Robert Perry and Matthew Henson reach the North Pole
- National Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded
- First Federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium) passes
- Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is established
- 16th Amendment passes to introduce Federal income tax
- Karl Landsteiner isolates the poliomyleitis virus
- John D. Rockefeller gives $530 million for worldwide medical research
- Nobel Prize for Physics is awarded to Guglielmo Marconi and Carl Ferdinand Braun for the wireless telegraphy (radio)
- Henry Ford introduces his “universal” car, the Model T in 1909, priced at $850 and “available in any color as long as it was black”
- Wall Street Dow Jones Industrial Average closes Dec. 31: 99.05
- Shine On, Harvest Moon by Ada Jones and Billy Murray hits #1 in US
- Ty Cobb steals home in World Series game
- Wright Brothers test and deliver the first military plane to US Army, it seats 2, max speed 40 mph
- Panama Canal's first concrete is poured
- Japanese forces begin a 36 year occupation of Korea
- Construction of Navy base at Hawaii's Pearl Harbor begins
- Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
- Italian school teacher/physician Maria Montessori, 39, publishes Motodo della pedagogia scientifica