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Principal sources

We have drawn extensively on two authoritative works on the subject:

Other sources

Ashton, John. English Caricature and Satire on Napoleon I. London: Chatto & Windus, 1888.

Benoit, Jérémie. L’anti-Napoleon: caricatures et satires du consulat à l’Empire (Exhibition catalog). Paris : Musée Nationale du Château de Malmaison,  1996.

Broadley, Alexander M. Napoleon in caricature 1795-1821. London : John Lane, 1911.

Champfleury, Jules. Histoire de la caricature sous la Republique, l’Empire et la Restauration. Paris : E. Dentu, 1877.

Clerc, Catherine. La caricature contre Napoléon. Paris: Éditions Promodis, 1985.

Cohn, Albert Mayer. George Cruikshank, a catalogue raisonné of the work executed during the years 1806-1877; with collations, notes, approximate values, facsimiles, and illustrations. London: Office of "The bookman's journal," 1924.

Dayot, Armand. Napoléon Raconté par l’image. Berlin : Brandus, 1902.

Feaver, William, Masters of Caricature, from Hogarth and Gillray to Scarfe and Levine. New York : Knopf, 1981.

George, M. Dorothy. English political caricature; a study of opinion and propaganda. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959.

George, M. Dorothy. Catalogue of prints and prints in the British Museum : Division I. Political and personal satires. Volumes 7-9. London: Printed by Order of the Trustees, 1942-1949.

Goldstein, Robert J. Censorship of political caricature in nineteenth-century France. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, c1989.

Grego, Joseph. Rowlandson the Caricaturist: a selection from his works, with anecdotal descriptions of his famous caricatures and a sketch of his life, times, and contemporaries. London : Chatto and Windus, 1880.

Osterwalder, Marcus, Dictionnaire des illustrateurs. Paris: Hubschmid & Bouret, 1983.

Wright, Thomas, and R.H. Evans. Historical & descriptive account of the caricatures of James Gillray; comprising a political and humorous history of the latter part of the reign of George the Third. London: H. G. Bohn, 1851.

Wright, Thomas. The works of James Gillray, the caricaturist; with the history of his life and times. London: Chatto and Windus, 1873.

The two most comprehensive collections of Napoleonic era caricatures are found in the British Museum ( London) and the De Vinck Collection at the Bibliotheque Nationale de France ( Paris) (25,000 prints). Other large collections are the Curzon Collection at the Oxford Library (1400 prints) and the British Cartoon Prints Collection at the Library of Congress (10,000 prints.)

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