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William Lagen at Port Hobron and whale flensing, Kodiak Island, Alaska, ca. 1934
Various Kinds of Whales: 1-Sperm whale. 2-California Gray whale. 3-Humpback whale. 4-Sulphur-bottom whale. 5-Bowhead. 6-Finback whale. 7-Right whale.
Fig.1, the Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus); Fig.2, the California Gray Whale (Rhachianectes glaucens); Fig.3, The North Pacific Humpback (Megaptera versabilis); Fig.4, the Sulphur Bottom (Sibbaldius sulfureus); Fig.5, the Bowhead (Balaena mysticetus); Fig.6, the Fin-back or Oregon Finner (Balaenoptera velifera); Fig.7, the Pacific Right Whale (Balaena japonica)
Fig.1, the Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus); Fig.2, the California Gray Whale (Rhachianectes glaucens); Fig.3, The North Pacific Humpback (Megaptera versabilis); Fig.4, the Sulphur Bottom (Sibbaldius sulfureus); Fig.5, the Bowhead (Ba
Right Whale and Sperm Up to 60 Feet Finners Up to 110 Feet
1-Greenland Right Whale, Balaena Mysticeptus, up to 60 feet in length, generally found near Arctic ice. The smaller whalebone whale of the Atlantic and Southern oceans is somewhat similar in shape; it runs to 50 feet; shows tail as it dives; has no fin on back. It is called the Nordcapper or Biscayensis and Australis. 2- The Sperm or Cachalot,; Physeter Macrocephalus. A toothed whale 50 to 60 feet;; shows tail when it dives; sometimes breaches,; i.e. leaps several times in succession as it travels; blast low and projected forward. 3- Seihvale, Balaenoptera Borealis, 40 to 50 feet; blast about 10 feet; does not usually lift tail out of water before final dive; has fin on back, is therefore a "finner.; 4- Fin whale, Balaenoptera Musculus, up to 75 feet. The Blue whale Balaenoptera Sibbaldii is similar, with smaller fin on back; both make blasts about 18 feet. The Blue whale in Southern seas has been killed up to 110 feet.
Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus);; California Gray Whale (Rhachianectes glaucus);; Pacific Humpback Whale (Megaptera versabilis);; Sulphur-Bottom Whale (Sibbaldius sulfureus);; Pacific Right Whale (Balaenia japonica)
Old Makah whale hunter with canoe and floats at Neah Bay, 1900
Men with whale, ca. 1918
Whaling boat and whale, ca. 1918
Native Americans cutting whale meat on the beach at Neah Bay
People with a whale, probably on an Olympic Peninsula beach
Cutting-In a Right Whale or Bowhead.
A-Fluke-chain adjusted to the "small."
B-Fin-Chain fastened around left fin.
C-Ring of fin-chain into which blubber-hook is fastened to raise fin and blanket-piece (the starting point when unwinding blubber from the whale).
D-Hole in root of lip into which blubber-hook is inserted to hoist lip on board ship.
F-G- Scarf to detach and hoist lower lip.
E-H- Scarf cut from fin below and forward of eye to blow-holes H on head.
E-I- Scarf from fin E to back of whale I.
J-K- Scarf cut in removing blubber while whale is being rolled. (The other spiral lines show final scarfs.)
L-Hole mortised in head for head-chain.
M-One method of hoisting head by head-chain and toggles, the chain being pasdsed through the blow-holes.
M, M (Fig.2).-Newer and better method of hoisting head by use of chain strapped blocks. Tail of chain passed through from H, under several feet of blubber to and through the hole cut at L and then coupled to sister-hooks on the lower block.
N-Cutting made by man with an ax (while overboard) in order to detach the head bone.
O-Lower edge of bone which is very thin and requires only light strokes to free it.
P-Markings showing where the spade is inserted to start the throat bone in detaching head.
Q-Where the hole is made in throat in order to haul it on board.
R-Throat-chain and toggle by wihich throat is sometimes taken on board.
S-Dotted line to show where backbone is cut to lessen strain on windlass when taking off lbubber.
T-Wide section of blanket-piece which is trimmed down by boarding-knife when taking blubber on board.
Whalers landing a whale, probably Makah Indians on a beach on the Makah Reservation
People near whale at Neah Bay, May 17, 1999
People hauling whale at Neah Bay, May 17, 1999
Charles White harpooning a whale, probably in waters on or near the Makah Indian Reservation
Makahs in canoe get ready to harpoon a whale off the coast of Washington, ca. 1930
Makahs cut up whale on beach at Neah Bay, Washington, 1910
Tlingit whale wood carving, Wrangell, Alaska, ca. 1902
Makahs haul whale up onto beach at Neah Bay, Washington, 1910
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