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21- Paralichthys albiguttus, 16 cm long, in shallow bluish-gray mottled granite pan.... Excellend simulation of the background on the entire surface except the three ocelli, which are nearly black. 22- Same specimen photographed in the granite pan....very shortly after mechanical stimulation. Note the contrast due to the enlargement of the regions around the ocelli and the appearance of numerous dark and light spots. These regions and spots were considerably more pronounced immediately after stimulation. They become less conspicuous rapidly but it usually requires several minutes for them to disappear completely. They usually also appear when the animal is feeding.
Figure of a Fish, Showing the Location of Parts Usually Referred to in Desciption : 1. Dorsal fin; 2. Adipose fin; 3. Caudal fin; 4. Anal fin; 5. Pectoral fin; 6. Ventral fin; 7. Lower jaw, or mandible; 8. Upper jaw, or maxillary; 8a. Supplemental maxillary; 9. Opercle; 10. Branchiostegals; 11. Caudal peduncle; 12. Lateral line; 13. Series of crosswise scales usually counted; 14. Snout; 15. Eye; 16. Head; 17. Depth; 18. Base of caudal; 19. Distance from snout to nape or occiput.
1-Paralichthys albiguttus, 20 com. long, on fine variegated shells, yellow predominating partly buried as usually found in nature. 2-Paralichthys albiguttus, same individual two minutes later with the shells removed. 3- Paralichthys albiguttus, w1 cm long, on coarse shells of the same kind, partly buried, from August 16 to 19. 4-Same individual two minutes later with shells removed. Note that the pattern is much coarser than in figure 2 on the fine shells. In both the skin was distinctly yellowish in color.
Cut of Yellow Perch Showing Parts Usually Referred to in Descriptions
1. Depth. 2. Head. 3. Eye. 4. Snout. 5. Premaxillary. 6. Maxillary. 7. Lower Jaw. 8. Opercle. 9. Subopercle. 10. Preoprele and cheek. 11. Branebiostegals. 12. Lateral line. 13. Length of caudal peduncle. 14. Depth of caudal peduncle. 15. Vent. 16. Spinous dorsal fin. 17. Soft dorsal fin. 18. Anal fin. 19. Caudal fin. 20. Pectoral fin. 21. Ventral fin.
Interior of the Rata Forest of the Auckland Islands, showing tanble of branches
Here the usually dense undergrowth is almost wanting, except for a few ferns
Siphons protruding from blocks of wood containing Teredo. Photographed in aquarium... The long siphons anre the incurrent ones. The excurrent siphons are relatively short, usually protruding only two or three millimeters from the openings of the burrows. Note ejected wood borings around many of the openings
Type of basked rake used for deep water quahauging on Cape Cod. It consists of an iron framework, forming a curved bowl, the under-edge of which is set with thin steel teeth varying in length from 2 to 4 inches, though usually 2 1/2 inch teeth are preferred. Over the bowl of this rake, which is strengthened by side and cross pieces of iron, is fitted a twine net, which, like the net of a scallop dredge, drags behind the framework. An average rake has from 19 to 21 teeth and weighs from 15 to 20 pounds.
Mt. Saint Elias: 19,500 Feet
Under the shadow of this great mountain, Bering's crew landed in July, 1741; they were the first white men to behold its sullen grandeur, and it fitly stands as the initial point of that early recognition of Russian America. In clear weather it is distinctly seen by mariners, 150 miles at sea; usually, however, it is wrapped in clouds.
Nassa obsoleta (the little black winkle of the tide flats) devouring a scallop. These little scavengers swarm over the scallop. Occasionally one is active enough to get between the valves, forming a wedge which permits the entrance of others, which quickly consume the scallop. Owing to the alertness of the scallop and its different habitat (Nassa usually being found on the tide flats) little damage is done
Native Food caches for stowing fish and other supplies for winter use. Usually these caches are filled with food each summer, but in the year 1900 owing to an epidemic of sickness they were empty and many natives starved the following winter
Distant view of pond. Much marginal vegetation which usually furnishes some protection for mosquito larvae
Figure of a Whitefish Showing the Location of Parts Usually Referred to in Descriptions
Figure of a Fish Showing the Location of Parts Usually Referred to in Descriptions
Right Whale and Sperm Up to 60 Feet Finners Up to 110 Feet
1-Greenland Right Whale, Balaena Mysticeptus, up to 60 feet in length, generally found near Arctic ice. The smaller whalebone whale of the Atlantic and Southern oceans is somewhat similar in shape; it runs to 50 feet; shows tail as it dives; has no fin on back. It is called the Nordcapper or Biscayensis and Australis. 2- The Sperm or Cachalot,; Physeter Macrocephalus. A toothed whale 50 to 60 feet;; shows tail when it dives; sometimes breaches,; i.e. leaps several times in succession as it travels; blast low and projected forward. 3- Seihvale, Balaenoptera Borealis, 40 to 50 feet; blast about 10 feet; does not usually lift tail out of water before final dive; has fin on back, is therefore a "finner.; 4- Fin whale, Balaenoptera Musculus, up to 75 feet. The Blue whale Balaenoptera Sibbaldii is similar, with smaller fin on back; both make blasts about 18 feet. The Blue whale in Southern seas has been killed up to 110 feet.
Scallop Dredge,--"The Scraper."--This implement has the form of a triangular iron framework, with a curve of nearly 90o atthe base, to form the bowl of the dredge. On the upper side a raised crossbar connects the two arms, while at the bottom a strip of iron 2 inches wide extends across the dredge. This narrow strip acts as a scraping blade, and is set at an angle so as to dig into the soil. The top of the net is fastened to the crossbar and the lower part to the blade. The usual dimensions of the dredge are: arms, 2 1/2 feet; upper crossbar, 2 feet; blade, 2 1/2 feet. The net varies in size, usually running from 2 to 3 feet in length and holding between 1 and 2 bushels. Additional weights can be put on the crossbar when the scalloper desires the dredge to "scrape" deeper. A wooden bar 2 feet long buoys the net. The scraper used at Nantucket has the entire net made of twine, whereas in other localities the lower part consists of interwoven iron rings
The Workwoman's Guide: Containing instructions to the inexperienced in cutting out and completing those articles of wearing apparel, &c., which are usually made at home; also, explanations on upholstery, straw-platting, bonnet-making, knitting, &c. (cover)
The Workwoman's Guide: Containing instructions to the inexperienced in cutting out and completing those articles of wearing apparel, &c., which are usually made at home; also, explanations on upholstery, straw-platting, bonnet-making, knitting, &c. (Plate 5)
The Workwoman's Guide: Containing instructions to the inexperienced in cutting out and completing those articles of wearing apparel, &c., which are usually made at home; also, explanations on upholstery, straw-platting, bonnet-making, knitting, &c. (Plate 23)
The Workwoman's Guide: Containing instructions to the inexperienced in cutting out and completing those articles of wearing apparel, &c., which are usually made at home; also, explanations on upholstery, straw-platting, bonnet-making, knitting, &c. (Plate 14)
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