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Tools and Appliances Used in Cutting-In a Whale
Fig.1. Blubber-mincing knife
Fig.2. Boarding knife.
Fig.3. Monkey belt.
Fig.4. Wooden toggle.
Fig.5. Chain strap.
Cutting-In Tackle. 1-Lower block strapped with rope a, a, a and blubber-hook g shackled into grommet d. The ropes c, c, c, are for handling block easily and the back-lashing h is held by the officer when directing the point of hook into hole in blubber.
2-Upper-blocks, b; guy-block, c; pendant-shackles, a, and links.
3-Lower-blocks, b strapped with chain d and sister-hooks c into which tail may be coupled by means of link e.
4-Cutting-tackle hung from mast. It is guyed out by guy-block and rope c, and end of cutting-falls e are led to windlass.
Small blubber-hook used in handling blubber on deck.
Cutting-In a Right Whale or Bowhead.
A-Fluke-chain adjusted to the "small."
B-Fin-Chain fastened around left fin.
C-Ring of fin-chain into which blubber-hook is fastened to raise fin and blanket-piece (the starting point when unwinding blubber from the whale).
D-Hole in root of lip into which blubber-hook is inserted to hoist lip on board ship.
F-G- Scarf to detach and hoist lower lip.
E-H- Scarf cut from fin below and forward of eye to blow-holes H on head.
E-I- Scarf from fin E to back of whale I.
J-K- Scarf cut in removing blubber while whale is being rolled. (The other spiral lines show final scarfs.)
L-Hole mortised in head for head-chain.
M-One method of hoisting head by head-chain and toggles, the chain being pasdsed through the blow-holes.
M, M (Fig.2).-Newer and better method of hoisting head by use of chain strapped blocks. Tail of chain passed through from H, under several feet of blubber to and through the hole cut at L and then coupled to sister-hooks on the lower block.
N-Cutting made by man with an ax (while overboard) in order to detach the head bone.
O-Lower edge of bone which is very thin and requires only light strokes to free it.
P-Markings showing where the spade is inserted to start the throat bone in detaching head.
Q-Where the hole is made in throat in order to haul it on board.
R-Throat-chain and toggle by wihich throat is sometimes taken on board.
S-Dotted line to show where backbone is cut to lessen strain on windlass when taking off lbubber.
T-Wide section of blanket-piece which is trimmed down by boarding-knife when taking blubber on board.
Cutting-In a Sperm Whale. From a model made by a whalman
Cutting-In a Right Whale. Upper jaw and bone being hoisted on board. Note man with spade on cutting-stage; blanket-piece back of bone and try-works from which smoke is rising.
Right Whaling. Cutting-In the Bone
Cutting-In Sperm Whale
Towing the Whale Home: In sperm whaling the catch is brought to the starboard side of the ship with the tail under the bow and the head down below the waist preparatory to 'cutting-in.'
American Whaler : a Ship on the North West Coast Cutting-In Her Last Whale
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