Ordering and Use
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Seattle officials on inspection tour of water system, May 1900
1-Lantern keg containing matches, bread, tobacco, etc.
4-Piggin for bailing.
6-Tub-oar crotch (this ships through cleat in gunwail to clear oar from line when fast to a whale).
7-Double oarlock used as last.
8-Large tub and line.
9-Knife for cutting line when necessary.
14-Canvas nipper to protect hands when hauling line.
1-Boat spade b and sheath a used to diable a running whale.
2-Narrow cutting-spade or thin boat-spade.
3-Flat- or round-shank spade used to cut holes for 'head-strap' for hoisting head of bowhead on board and to remove throat bone
4-Cutting-spade for cutting the scarfs in blubber.
5-Cutting-spade for 'leaning up.'
Tools and Appliances Used in Cutting-In a Whale
Fig.1. Blubber-mincing knife
Fig.2. Boarding knife.
Fig.3. Monkey belt.
Fig.4. Wooden toggle.
Fig.5. Chain strap.
Cutting-In Tackle. 1-Lower block strapped with rope a, a, a and blubber-hook g shackled into grommet d. The ropes c, c, c, are for handling block easily and the back-lashing h is held by the officer when directing the point of hook into hole in blubber.
2-Upper-blocks, b; guy-block, c; pendant-shackles, a, and links.
3-Lower-blocks, b strapped with chain d and sister-hooks c into which tail may be coupled by means of link e.
4-Cutting-tackle hung from mast. It is guyed out by guy-block and rope c, and end of cutting-falls e are led to windlass.
Small blubber-hook used in handling blubber on deck.
Darting Gun and Bomb-Lance Combined: A-Gun Barrel about 20 inches long. B-Ordinary iron pole fitted in brass socket c; b.Breech-pin and lock-case. C-Harpoon with whale line e attached, and set in pfojections d, d on the gun; d. Bomb-lance fired from barrel a. The harpoon entering teh whale brings the wire rod g in contact with the whale and thus releases the trigger. F-Lever for cocking the gun. h. Line by which gun is hauled back to boat
Deck View of Whaleboat and Equipment.
4-Box of boat.
8-Forward platform on which men stand when striking or killing.
12-Dunnage for thwards.
14-Peak-cleats (used for resting oars).
15-Peak-cleat for tub-oar.
24-Well for bailing.
25-Plug (for emptying boat when hoisted out of water).
26-After platform (steersman stands on this).
27-Standing-cleats (officer stands on these to obtain longer view).
30-Loggerhead-strip (or lion's tongue).
35-Blocks with holes for rowlocks.
A, First iron resting in bow-chocks with handle in boat-crotch.
B, Second iron.
C, c, Spare irons.
D, D, D, Hand-lances.
E, Boat spade.
F, G, Harpooner's oar.
I, Mid-ship oar.
M, M, M, Paddles.
N, Small tub and line.
O, Large tub and line.
P, P, P, Tow-line extending aft from large tub around loggerhead and forward across thwarts to box of boat (4) where it is coiled and known as "box-wrap" (P, P) thence extending to eye-splice of first iron.
Q, Q, Mast and sail.
S, Lashing or strap for handle of steering-oar when not in use or fast to a whale.
Cutting-In a Right Whale or Bowhead.
A-Fluke-chain adjusted to the "small."
B-Fin-Chain fastened around left fin.
C-Ring of fin-chain into which blubber-hook is fastened to raise fin and blanket-piece (the starting point when unwinding blubber from the whale).
D-Hole in root of lip into which blubber-hook is inserted to hoist lip on board ship.
F-G- Scarf to detach and hoist lower lip.
E-H- Scarf cut from fin below and forward of eye to blow-holes H on head.
E-I- Scarf from fin E to back of whale I.
J-K- Scarf cut in removing blubber while whale is being rolled. (The other spiral lines show final scarfs.)
L-Hole mortised in head for head-chain.
M-One method of hoisting head by head-chain and toggles, the chain being pasdsed through the blow-holes.
M, M (Fig.2).-Newer and better method of hoisting head by use of chain strapped blocks. Tail of chain passed through from H, under several feet of blubber to and through the hole cut at L and then coupled to sister-hooks on the lower block.
N-Cutting made by man with an ax (while overboard) in order to detach the head bone.
O-Lower edge of bone which is very thin and requires only light strokes to free it.
P-Markings showing where the spade is inserted to start the throat bone in detaching head.
Q-Where the hole is made in throat in order to haul it on board.
R-Throat-chain and toggle by wihich throat is sometimes taken on board.
S-Dotted line to show where backbone is cut to lessen strain on windlass when taking off lbubber.
T-Wide section of blanket-piece which is trimmed down by boarding-knife when taking blubber on board.
Section of Whaleboat.
1-Bow-chock and roller.
3-Crotch for harpoons.
6-Harpoons with lances on opposite side.
12-Boat-spades and waifs.
14-'Piggin' for bailing boat.
18-Tiller (used when sailing).
20-Boom for sailing (spritsails are often used).
21-Center case (small tub for 75-fathom line on other side).
22-Large tub for whale line.
25-Keel and floor timbers.
27-Gunwale streak (about 9 inches wide in widest part).
28-Center-boart (partly down).
29-Ceiling. Timbers are spaced aobut 6 inches apart.
Whaling Rocket Used on Northwest Coast in Shore Whaling
Typical Whaling Schooner of To-Day
Last of the New Bedford Whaling Fleet
Famous Stone Fleet Which was Sunk to Blockade Southern Ports
Eskimos Attacking Humpback Whales in Behrings Sea
Indian Whalers of Northwest Coast Attacking Whales in Juan de Fuca Strait
Back from a Cruise. Brig Viola stripped after returning from a voyage
Jagging Wheels, carved from Whale's Teeth, Bone, Etc., by the Whalemen
Scrimshawed Whale's Teeth Engraved by Whalemen
Sketch Made by a Whaleman in his Log-Book
Symbols Used by Whalemen in Their Log-Books.
2-Right whale or bowhead.
6-Flukes up 'sounded.'
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