|Title||Polus Antarcticus |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/PolusAntarcticus.html |
|Cartographer||Hondius, Hendrik, 1597-1651|
Jansson, Jan, 1588-1664
|Explorer||Nuyts, Pieter, 1598-1653|
|Century Published||17th century|
|Publication Date||1637? |
|Publisher||Jansson, Jan 1588-1664|
|Place of Publication||Netherlands--Amsterdam |
|Original Source||"Atlas Novus." French. Hondius, Hendrik. Amsterdam: Jan Jansson, 1637. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in cartouche in lower left:
"Polus Antarcticus. Henricus Hondius excudit."
Blank cartouche printed left of center.
Printed next to islands in south Pacific:
"Insulas esse a nova Guinea usq ad Fetum Magellanicum affirmat Hernandas Galega, qui ad eas explorandas missus fuit a Rege Hispaniae Anno 1576."
Printed in what is now modern-day Australia at bottom: "T Landt van P. Nutys det 26 Ian 1627."
Printed on verso is a description of the South Pole in French:
"Description Du Pole Antarctique, Et des pays adjacens. Ayans cy dessus discoru du Pole Arctique & des pays qui sont…"
Polar projection of the South Pole. Shows the southern tip of South America, southern tip of Africa, southern tip of Madagascar, the first outlines of Australia, and islands in the south Pacific that extend beyond the polar projection. Also shows islands in lower left next to the empty cartouche with the description that reads: "Insulas esse a nove Guinea u[illeg] ad Fretum Magellanicum affirmat Hernandus Galega qui as eas explorandas missus fuit a Rege Hispaniae Anno 1576". This refers to the discovery of islands lying to the east of New Guinea by the navigator Hernandas Gallego who was part of the expedition to the South Pacific led by Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, a Spanish explorer. Hand colored illustrations surrounding the map include domestic scenes of native people in traditional costume performing daily activities as well as greeting European sailing ships.
Scale: c.a. 1:37, 000, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Throughout the seventeenth century, Flemish mapmakers became highly influential in the field of cartography and social conceptions of world geography. The Amsterdam-based Hondius family was no exception to this rule. Both Jodocus Hondius, Sr. (1563-1612) and his two sons, Jodocus Hondius, Jr. (1594-1629) and Hendrik Hondius (1597-1651) as well Senior's son-in-law, Jan Jansson (1588-1664) created and published maps that led to a highly successful world atlas based on the work of Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594). In 1604, Jodocus Hondius, Sr. purchased map plates made by Mercator. In 1606, Jodocus published a new edition of Mercator's "Atlas" with 36 of his own maps and called himself the work's publisher. Following his death, Hendrik continued publication of the "Atlas" using the original engraving plates from his father. He worked in collaboration with his brother-in-law, Jan Jansson, to continue publication of the work. Hendrik added to the atlas using map plates his brother, Jodocus Hondius, Jr., created following his brother's death in 1629. In 1638, Hendrik and Jan changed the title of the Atlas to "Atlas Novus" and began using their names on the publication of the maps. Following Henricus's death, Jansson continued publishing the atlas and adding to its content until there were 10 volumes plus an extra volume in the 1650s-1660s. Publication of this atlas finished in 1708 (Burden, 235-237; Pierluigi and Knirsch, 162-3; Wagner, 310).|
This particular map was printed in its first state in a French edition of "Atlas Novus" (1638). It is one of the first maps to show the southern coastline of Australia as discovered by explorer, Pieter Nuyts, in 1627. Of note, the map shows such areas of the southern coast of Australia as, "Trial" "Willems Revier" "t Lant van d'Eendracht det 1616" "Dirck Hartoys Ree" "Houtmans Abrolhos" "Tortelduyf" and "I.S. Francois." This map is considered one of the "most widely disseminated maps" of Australia prior to discoveries made by Abel Tasman later in the century (Schilder, 330).
Source(s): Burden, Philip D. "The Mapping of North America: A List of Printed Maps 1511-1670." Rickmansworth, England: Raleigh Publications, 1996.
Goos, John. "The Mapping of North America: Three Centuries of Map-making 1600-1860." London: Wellfleet Press, 1990.
Lowery, Woodbury. "The Lowery Collection: A Descriptive List of Maps of the Spanish Possessions within the Present Limits of the United States, 1502-1820." Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1912.
Pierluigi, Portinaro and Franco Knirsch. "The Cartography of North America 1500-1800." New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1987.
Schilder, Gunter. "Australia Unveiled." Translated by Olaf Richter. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Ltd., 1976.
Tooley, Ronald Vere, ed. "The Mapping of America." London: Holland Press, 1985.
Wagner, Henry R. "The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the year 1800 Volume 2." Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937.
|Category||Historical Illustrated Scene|
|Subjects (LCSH)||Antarctica-Maps-Early works to 1800; Australia-Maps-Early works to 1800.; South America-Maps-Early works to 1800.; Nuyts, Pieter, 1598-1653--Travel |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP135 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email email@example.com. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. PolusAntarcticus (map uncataloged) |
|Physical Description||44 cm. in diam., on sheet 48 x 52 cm. |
|Condition||Edges frayed. Some blue ink spots at bottom border. Written in pencil on verso in lower left: "Johnson." Some tape at top and bottom of centerfold on verso. Waterspots evident on verso. Written in pencil on verso in lower right corner: "5999." Tape on verso in upper right and left corners. Written in pencil on verso in upper right corner: "J.P." |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||The Janice Ruth Johnson Memorial Map Collection donated by Professor W. Vance Johnson, Ellensburg, Washington, 1990. |
|References||Koeman, C. Atlantes Neerlandici (1997 ed.), 1:401. Schilder, 330, map 44. |