Bird's-eye View of Victoria, Vancouver Island, B.C. 1878
|Title||Bird's-eye View of Victoria, Vancouver Island, B.C. 1878 |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3514_V5_A3_1878_G6.html |
|Cartographer||Glover, E. S. (Eli Sheldon), 1844-1920|
|Century Published||19th century|
|Publication Date||1878 |
|Publisher||M. W. Waitt & Company|
A.L. Bancroft & Company
|Place of Publication||Canada--British Columbia--Victoria|
United States--California--San Francisco
|Printer||A.L. Bancroft & Company |
North oriented to upper left.
Printed in bottom edge in center:
"Bird's-Eye View Of Victoria, Vancouver Island, B.C. 1878."
Printed in bottom edge in lower left corner:
"Drawn by E. S. Glover. Published by M. W. Waitt & Co., Victoria, B. C."
Printed in bottom edge in center:
"Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1878, by E. S. Glover, in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. Entered according to Act of Parliament of Canada, in the year 1878, by M. W. Waitt, in office of the Minister of Agriculture."
Printed in bottom edge in lower right corner:
"A. L. Bancroft & Co., Lithographers, San Francisco, Cal. U. S."
Printed in bottom edge is a numbered key to points of interest and various buildings throughout map including churches, a synagogue, a fire station, the Custom House, the City Council Chamber, the Odd Fellow's Hall, schools and hospitals. Depicts residences, businesses and other various buildings throughout Victoria as well as some geographical points such as Beacon Hill, Laurel Point, Rock Bay, James Bay and Mount Baker in the distance. Labels various major streets including Montreal, Oswego, Superior, Michigan, Menzies, Courtnay, Government, Douglas, Blanchard, Pembroke, Quadra, Vancouver and Wharf. Shows a bridge over James Bay and a race track around Beacon Hill. Sailing vessels, steamers and steamboats are shown in the waterways.
Not drawn to scale.
|Contextual Notes||Eli Sheldon Glover was a traveling mapmaker who made a business drawing "bird-eye" views of cities and selling the prints to publishers. Glover was born near Battle Creek, Michigan in August 1845. At 16, Glover taught school for a short time and then attended a course at the Art League in New York. Using some of his training in painting and lithography, he formed a business making "bird's-eye views" or "pictorial plats of cities" including depictions of homes and buildings. After marrying Sara Belle Latta in the early 1870s, Glover headed West and first settled in Salt Lake City. In 1879, Glover returned to Battle Creek, MI and tried to undertake various business enterprises such as creating a machine to bind books and a machine to brew coffee. In 1889, he headed back to the West, having acquired land near Tacoma, WA in exchange for creating a "bird's-eye view" of that city. After his move to Tacoma, he spent most of his time working on his property (Korn, 6-7; Anderson). His works include various bird's-eye maps of major cities including Seattle, Portland, Tacoma, San Diego and Victoria (Anderson).|
This map was published in 1878 by A.L. Bancroft & Company.
In 1854, Victoria's population numbered about 200. The city largely revolved around its status as a fort established by the Hudson's Bay Company (Gregson, 6). Four years later, Victoria's population was about 500. The same year, the Fraser River Gold Rush began and the town was filled with gold-miners. The gold rush led to increased land value, greater settlement and a rush of development (Gregson 12-13). During the late 1850s, the first Parliament buildings were constructed, as was the James Bay Bridge. By 1860, the population was about 608 with 25000 temporary residents due to the gold rush. In 1862, Victoria was legally independent of the Hudson's Bay Company. During this period, the town had only a small number of buildings composed of brick though it contained several hotels and other structures including the Australia Hotel, the John Bull Hotel, the Victoria Hotel, the Brown Jug Saloon, the Hotel de France, the Star and Garter, the St. Nicholas Hotel, and the Island hotel (Gregson, 14-16). In 1866, Vancouver Island and British Columbia were united. Five years later in 1871, British Columbia joined Canada and the population of Victoria numbered 7900. At this time, homes started past the Douglas-Johnson-Courtenay-Wharf to Pembroke Street (Gregson, 47-49). The 1870s, however, was a period of economic decline in Victoria. In 1873, the nation was hit by a financial panic. The trans-Canadian railroad's construction was postponed and its terminus was not to be Victoria (Gregson, 59). By 1880, the population was less than 6000 (Gregson, 49).
Anderson, Ross. "Pinpoints, Plots, Plats and Panoramas." The Seattle Times. 18 Sept. 2001. Accessed November 11, 2008.
Gregson, Harry. "A History of Victoria, 1842-1970 with Illustrations and Maps." Victoria, B.C.: Victoria Observer Publishing Co. Ltd., 1970.
|Category||Bird's Eye View|
|Location Depicted||Canada--British Columbia--Victoria|
|Subjects (LCSH)||Victoria (B.C.)-Aerial views-Maps; Victoria (B.C.)-Pictorial works |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP125 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3514 V5 A3 1878 G6 |
|Physical Description||48 x 83 cm. |
|Condition||Brown spots throughout. Pieces of tape around borders. Pieces torn from left and right edge. Major tear in left edge repaired with tape on verso. Small tear in bottom edge. Brown glue spots on verso. Call number written in pencil on verso on lower left corner. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |