New Map of the Whole continent of America, Divided Into North and South and West Indies. wherein are exactly Described The United States of North America as well as The Several European Possessions according to the Preliminaries of Peace signed at Versailles Jan. 20 1783. Compiled from Mr. D'Anville's Maps of that continent, with the addition of the Spanish Discoveries in 1775 to the North of California & Corrected in the several parts belonging to Great Britain, from the Original Materials of Governor Pownall, MP [Part 1 of 2]
|Title||New Map of the Whole continent of America, Divided Into North and South and West Indies. wherein are exactly Described The United States of North America as well as The Several European Possessions according to the Preliminaries of Peace signed at Versailles Jan. 20 1783. Compiled from Mr. D'Anville's Maps of that continent, with the addition of the Spanish Discoveries in 1775 to the North of California & Corrected in the several parts belonging to Great Britain, from the Original Materials of Governor Pownall, MP [Part 1 of 2] |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3290_1786_S3_sheet2.html |
|Cartographer||Sayer, Robert 1725-1794|
Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d', 1697-1782
Pownall, Thomas, 1722-1805
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1786 |
|Publisher||Sayer, Robert 1725-1794|
|Place of Publication||England--London |
|Original Source||"A General Atlas Describing the Whole Universe." Kitchin, Thomas. London: Robert Sayer, 1793. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Mounted on linen.
Top half of map comprised of 2 sheets.
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in lower left corner is a key showing which regions and islands belong to the United States and Great Britain.
Printed in upper left corner is a scale comparing English miles, German miles, Geographical miles, Marine English and French leagues, Spanish leagues and Common French leagues.
Northern California is named "New Albion" and much of the Midwest and northwest regions of Modern-day United States is titled "Quivira." Two versions of "River of the West" are shown heading from the interior to the west coast of North America. Along the most northwestern coast shown on North America is Port Bucarelli, discovered in 1775 and an area called "Fou Sang of the Chinese." Areas where some Native American tribes live are shown including the Apaches, the Choctows, the Chicasaw, the Bear Nation, and the Sioux. Several states are shown including Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey, New York and "New England." The West Indies have been divided into the "Bahama Islands" to the north and the "Leeward or Caribbee Islands called by the French Windward Isles" just north of South America. The Azores are visible in the north Atlantic and so are the Canary Islands and the "Cape Verd Islands." The western coast of north Africa is visible as is Spain and some of France. Along the northwestern coast of Africa, the following areas are depicted: "Barbary", "Desert of Zanhaga", "Senegambia", and "The Tooth Coast." The interior of North Africa is labeled as "Zahara or the Desert" with "Mandingo" and "Guinea" to the south and "Zuenliga" to the north.
Prime Meridian: Isle of Ferro.
Scale c.a. 1:11, 500, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Robert Sayer (1725-1794) was a publisher and map and print seller who published much of his contemporaries' work including the work of Thomas Kitchin, Bellin and d'Anville (Moreland and Bannister, 172). He worked with Philip Overton beginning in 1745 utnil Overton died in 1751. Sayer then continued to work on his own. He published Rocque's small "British Atlas" (1753), "map of Atlantic" (1757) and "Large English Atlas" (1760). He later collaborated with Herbert and reissued many works by John Senex (?-1740). After cartographer, Thomas Jefferys, went bankrupt, Sayer took some of Jeffreys' assets and with Jefferys published "General topographic map of North America and the West Indies" (1768) and "Middle British Colonies in America" (1768, 1775). In 1770, Sayer was joined by John Bennett. In 1771, Jefferys died and most of his business passed to William Faden while some of his plates stayed in Sayer's hands. Sayer and Bennet then published "General Atlas" (1773), "North American Atlas' (17750, "North American Pilot" (1775-6), "American Military pocket Atlas" (1776), "West India Atlas" (1775), and "Complete Channel Pilot" (1781). In 1781 Bennett retired and then died in 1787. Sayer continued to work on his own until his own retirement in 1792. He then sold his plates and business to Robert Laurie and James Whittle (Tooley, 561).|
Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (1697-1782) was a French cartographer. He lived in Paris and served as the Royal geographer to the king. D'Anville was known for his critical approach to cartography and his talent as a cartographer, having created his first map at age 15 (Moreland and Bannister, 132-3). He was elected to the Académie des Sciences in 1773. During his lifetime, he was highly prolific, compiling over 200 maps (Tooley, 18). In 1735, he created maps for P"ere J.B. du Halde's "Description geographique de la Chine." Among cartographers, d'Anville was the first to provide an accurate picture of China (Moreland and Bannister, 132-3). His works include "France" (1719), "L'Ethiope Orientale" (1727), "Atlas de la Chine" (1737), "North America" (1746), "South America" (1748), "Africa" (1749), "Asia" (1751), "World" (1761) and "General Atlas" (1731 and onward) (Moreland and Bannister, 132-3; Tooley, 18).
Thomas Pownall (1722-1805) was a governor of New Jersey and Massachsettels. His map works include "North America" (1776, 1783, 1794), "New York and New Jersey" (1776), and "Chart of Gulf Stream" (1787) (Tooley, 517).
This map was first issued in 1772. It was re-issued with some additions in 1783 (Wagner, 348, entry 692).
Source(s): Moreland, Carl and David Bannister. "Antique Maps: A Collector's Handbook." New York: Longman Group, Ltd., 1983.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
Wagner, Henry R. "The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the year 1800 Volume 2." Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937.
Wheat, Carl I. "Mapping the Transmississippi West." Volume 1. San Francisco: Institute of Historical Cartography, 1957.
|Location Depicted||North America|
|Subjects (LCSH)||America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP164 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3290 1786 S3 sheet 2 |
|Physical Description||1 map on 2 sheets; whole map 104 x 119 cm., sheet 54 x 123 cm. |
|Condition||Original call number written in ink in lower left corner. Brown stain in lower left corner. Original call number written in pencil in upper right corner. Has binder's guard. Printed in upper right corner on verso: "28." Some color has bled through to verso. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|References||Wagner, 348, entry 692. Wheat, 236, entry 206. |