Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des Isles Antilles du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi Dressée Sur un grand nombre de memoires principalement sur ceux de Mrs. d'Iberville et le Sueur
|Title||Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des Isles Antilles du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi Dressée Sur un grand nombre de memoires principalement sur ceux de Mrs. d'Iberville et le Sueur |
|Alternative Title||Tabula Geographica Mexicae et Floridae etc. |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3300_1722_L57.html |
|Cartographer||L'Isle, Guillaume de, 1675-1726|
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1722 |
|Place of Publication||Netherlands--Amsterdam |
|Original Source||"Atlas Nouveau, Contenant Toutes Les Parties du Monde…" L'Isle, Guillaume de. Amsterdam: Jean Covens and Corneille Mortier, 1722. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in cartouche in lower left corner:
"Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des Isles Antilles du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi Dressée Sur un grand nombre de memoires principalement sur ceux de Mrs. d'Iberville et le Sueur. Par Guillaume De l'Isle Geographe de l'Academie Royale des Sciences. A. Amsterdam. Chez Jean Covens & Corneille Mortier Avec privilege 1722."
Printed beneath title cartouche:
"I. Stemmers Senior Sculp."
Printed in upper left corner is a scale comparing French, Spanish and English distances, both land and nautical.
Printed in the Gulf of Mexico:
"Dans ce Golfe ou Baye on peut connoitre la distance ou l'on est de la Terre en sondant la Profondeur; Car on en est eloigné d'autant de Lieiies qu'il y a de Brasses d'eau."
This map includes dotted sailing lines around the Gulf and Central America, between Cuba, Mexico, the northern coast of South America and the eastern coast of the "United States" of the Spanish Galleons.
Depicts land belonging to Spain, England and France in the Midwest and east coast of North America as well as Mexico, the West Indies and the northern part of South America. Shows some English colonies including "Caroline", "Virginie" "Nouvelle Angleterre" and "Pensylvanie." Illustrates accurate depiction of Mississippi River and its mouth. Shows land where various Native American tribes reside including the Sioux and the Navajo. Small red buildings depicting settlements and forts are shown including Compostella, Guadalajara, Guxaca, Antequera and Tampico ou Panuco in "Mexicque ou Nouvelle Espagne" and "Philadelphie" and "Jamestown" in "Pennsylvanie" and 'Virginie" respectively. Land north of "Nouveau Mexicque" is marked as Quivira and the Great Lakes are shown. Surrounding the title cartouche is the head of a mythical figure and a classical man, woman and child along with a beast and some fruit. Beneath the title cartouche is an illustration of two serpents' heads. Surrounding the cartouche depicting distance are ribbons and decorative ivy.
Prime Meridian: Isle of Ferro.
Scale c.a. 1:9, 250, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Guillaume de L'Isle (1675-1726) was a cartographer and the Premier Geographer to the King in France beginning in 1718. His family played a significant part in the world of French cartography in the eighteenth century. At age 9, he drew his first map and at age 27 he became a member of the Académie Royale des Sciences. He studied under Jacques Cassini, acquiring knowledge in both mathematics and astronomy. Due to his academic background and his "critical approach to the maps of his predecessors" he became known as the first "scientific cartographer" (Moreland and Bannister, 132). Among his works are "Globe, map of the world and the four continents" (1700), "Atlas de Géographie" (1700-12), "Mississippi" (1701), "Carte du Mexique et de la Floride…" (c.a. 1703), "Carte de la Louisiane et du Mississippi" (1718) and posthumously, "Atlas Noveau…" (1730 and later). Following his death, his widow took up the business with a partner, Philippe Buache (Moreland and Bannister, 131-2; Tooley, 395).|
According to Wagner and Wheat, this map was first published in 1703, though it was engraved by a different individual. The map appeared in "Atlas Noveau" as plate 39 (Lowery, 223). The map shows a small portion of the coast above C. S. Lucar. Wagner notes that both the Sonora and Sinaloa coasts are accurate for the time period and finds that place names from Father Kino abound on the map (Wagner, 324, entry 474; Wheat, 202, entry 84). The impact of Mercator is also evident on the territory of Florida ("Lowery, 223).
Source(s): Lowery, Woodbury. "The Lowery Collection: A Descriptive List of Maps of the Spanish Possessions within the Present Limits of the United States, 1502-1820." Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1912.
Moreland, Carl and David Bannister. "Antique Maps: A Collector's Handbook." New York: Longman Group, Ltd., 1983.
Tooley, Ronald Vere, ed. "The Mapping of America." London: Holland Press, 1985.
---. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
Wagner, Henry R. "The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the year 1800 Volume 2." Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937.
Wheat, Carl I. "Mapping the Transmississippi West." Volume 1. San Francisco: Institute of Historical Cartography, 1957.
California as an Island
|Location Depicted||North America|
United States, Southeast
United States, Northeast
|Subjects (LCSH)||North America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP101 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email email@example.com. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3300 1722 L57 |
|Physical Description||46 x 60 cm. |
|Condition||Tape along edge at top right and top left. Written in pencil in center of top edge: "F." Small spots of green along top edge. Small tears in top edge. Call number written in pencil in lower left corner on verso. Color has bled through to verso. Written in blue ink on verso in top left corner: "87." Written in blue ink on verso in top right corner: "87." Written in pencil in top left corner on verso: "Tape P 1465." |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||The Janice Ruth Johnson Memorial Map Collection donated by Professor W. Vance Johnson, Ellensburg, Washington, 1990. |
|References||Lowery, 223. Tooley, "Mapping of America" pl. 12 no. 52. Tooley, "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers" 395. Wagner, 324, entry 474. Wheat, 202, entry 84. |