North America Divided into its Principall Parts where are distinguished the severall States which belong to the English, Spanish, and French, To the Most Serene and Most Sacred Majesty of Charles II
|Title||North America Divided into its Principall Parts where are distinguished the severall States which belong to the English, Spanish, and French, To the Most Serene and Most Sacred Majesty of Charles II |
|Alternative Title||North America Divided into its Principall Parts viz. Arctick Lands, New North Wales, N. South Wales, N. Brittain, Canada, N. France, N. Scotland, N. England, N. York, N. Jarsey, Mary-Land, Virginia, Carolina, Florida, Mexico, the Islands of New Found Land, California, the Antilles in which are distinguished the severall Countries as they are possessed by the English, Spanish, and French, etc. |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3300_1680_S26.html |
|Cartographer||Sanson, Nicolas, 1600-1667|
Berry, William fl. 1669-1708
|Century Published||17th century|
|Publication Date||1680 |
|Publisher||Berry, William fl. 1669-1708|
|Place of Publication||England--London |
|Original Source||"A Collection of Maps of the World." Berry, William. London: William Berry, 1680. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Mounted on muslin.
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in top margin:
"North America Divided into its Principall Parts viz. Arctick Lands, New North Wales, N. South Wales, N. Brittain, Canada, N. France, N. Scotland, N. England, N. York, N. Jarsey, Mary-Land, Virginia, Carolina, Florida, Mexico, the Islands of New Found Land, California, the Antilles in which are distinguished the severall Countries as they are possessed by the English, Spanish, and French, etc. Described by Sanson. Corrected and amended By William Berry."
Printed in the cartouche in upper left corner:
"North America Divided into its Principall Parts where are distinguished the severall States which belong to the English, Spanish, and French, To the Most Serene and Most Sacred Majesty of Charles II. By the Grace of God King of Great Brittain, France, and Ireland. This Map of North America is humbly Dedicated and Presented By Your Majesties Loyal Subject, and Servant - William Berry."
Printed in lower left corner in cartouche is a scale showing a comparison of Italian Miles, Leagues of France, Leagues of Spain, Leagues of Germany and English Miles.
Printed beneath scale of distance in cartouche in lower left corner:
"Sold by William Berry at the Sign of the Globe between Charing Cross and White-Hall."
Printed beneath scale cartouche:
Shows California as an island with northern California labeled as "New Albion." The land "Quivira" is shown in the Midwest and nearly all of middle and northern North America is left blank. A land along the northwest part of the continent is labeled as Anian and further west is the "Land of Jesso or Jeco" with the "Sea of Jesso" south of it. The land where the Navajo live is shown. Surrounding the title cartouche are illustrations of a coat of arms, two natives, birds, an armadillo and a four-legged animal with a human head. Surrounding the scale cartouche are two natives. The map also illustrates Scotland, England and Ireland and shows a horizontal dashed line demarcating, "The North Bounds of the dominion of the British Seas."
Prime Meridian: Isle of Ferro.
Scale c.a. 1:15, 850, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) was one of the first and best French cartographers of the seventeenth century and is even called the "Founder of the French School of Geography" (Tooley, 558). He was born in Abbeville and then moved to Paris. Originally a student of ancient history, he created several maps in the pursuit of his history studies. When he moved to Paris, one of these maps was seen by King Louis XIII. The king appointed Sanson "Géographe Ordinaire du Roi" under which position Sanso created many maps and tutored the king in geography. Many of Sanson's maps were published in atlases. His maps were "liberally copied by Dutch, English and German cartographers" even into the eighteenth century. His works include: "Ancient Gaul" (1618, published 1629), "Cartes Générales de Toutes les Parties du Monde" (1658, 1664-16666, 1667, 1670, 1676), "L'Asie" (1652-3), "L'Afrique" (1656) and "Amérique" (1657). During his lifetime, Sanson created nearly 300 maps, some of which were not published until after his death. Two of his maps of North America played a major part in influencing later maps to be made: "Amerique Septentrionale" (1650) and "Le Canada ou Nouvelle France" (1656) which was the first map to show the Great Lakes. After his death, his sons, Adrian and Guillaume, and his grandson, Nicolas, continued the cartography business in partnership with Alexis Hubert Jaillot. Jaillot and Pierre Duval re-engraved many of Sanson's map, spreading his influence beyond his lifetime (Moreland and Bannister, 128; Skelton, 67; Tooley, 558).|
William Berry (fl. 1669-1708) was an English bookseller, engraver, globe maker and publisher in London. He wrote a book on astronomy, published in 1669 with Robert Morden. He also helped produce Geographical Playing Cards with Morden in 1676. He is best known for producing large two-sheet maps that used the work of Nicolas Sanson. He also published "Mapp of all the World" (c.a. 1680) and a large road map of England and Wales by Hollar between 1669- and 1676. He was sometimes called the "English Sanson" having published a number of maps, many based on the work of Sanson. His works include: "England" (1671), "Atlas" of Sanson's work (1680-9), Petty's "Ireland" (1689), Gascogne's "Cornwall" (1700) with Thornton and Mount, and "Globe" (1603).
This map was first published in 1680 in Berry's "A Collection of Maps of the World" (McLaughlin and Mayo, 34, entry 74). It was most likely based on Nicolas Sanson's "Amerique Septentrional divisée etc" published in 1676 (Wagner, 317, entry 418). The map displays an unusual projection known as the "Sanson-Flamsteed projection." The map accurately depicts the Gulf of Mexico and the eastern coast of North America but the Great Lakes are not shown well nor is the Mississippi River basin (Ermen, 34, entry 18). This particular map adds the land of "Anian" as well as the "Strait of Anian" to Sanson's original work (McLaughlin and Mayo, 34, entry 74). A similar instance of this map was published in 1692 by Jaillot.
Source(s): Ermen, Eduard Van. "The United States in Old Maps and Prints. Wilmington, DE: Atomium Books, Inc., 1990.
Leighly, John. "California as an Island: An Illustrated Essay." San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1972.
McLaughlin, Glen and Nancy H. Mayo. "The Mapping of California as an Island: An Illustrated Checklist." Saratoga, CA: California Map Society, 1995.
Moreland, Carl and David Bannister. "Antique Maps: A Collector's Handbook." New York: Longman Group, Ltd., 1983.
Skelton, R.A. "Decorative Printed Maps of the 15th to 18th Centuries; a Revised Edition of Old Decorative Maps and Charts, by A. L. Humphreys." London: Staples Press, 1952.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
Wagner, Henry R. "The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the year 1800 Volume 2." Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937.
|Category||California as an Island|
|Location Depicted||North America|
|Subjects (LCSH)||North America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP099 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3300 1680 S26 |
|Physical Description||52 x 87 cm. |
|Condition||Call number written in pencil on verso in lower left corner and lower right corner. Color has bled through to verso. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||Acquisition information written in pencil along left edge: 9fl23. Museum bk Store. Central S. C. 3/0/0. NW. |
|References||Leighly, 75. McLaughlin and Mayo, entry 74. Wagner, entry 418. |