Americae Descriptio Nova Impensis
|Title||Americae Descriptio Nova Impensis |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3290_1652_S4.html |
|Cartographer||Seile, Henry, d. c.a. 1661|
|Century Published||17th century|
|Publication Date||1652 |
|Publisher||Heylyn, Peter 1600-1662|
|Place of Publication||England--London. |
|Original Source||"Cosmographie in four books." Heylyn, Peter. London: Henry Seile, 1652. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in cartouche upper right corner:
"Americae Descriptio Nova Impensis Henrici Seile Will. Trevethen. Sculp 1652."
California is shown as an island and northern California is labeled as "Nova Albion." The northwestern portion of the United States is labeled as "Qvivira." The majority of North America is labeled as "Mexicana" while the majority of South America is labeled as "Peru." The Hudson Bay is mostly enclosed. "No. Belgeum" is shown next to Virginia and "Long Ile." is labeled in New England. However, Hudson's River is erroneously titled as "Hudsons bay" (Burden, 394). Various ships and sea monsters appear in the oceans, labeled as "The Southern Ocean" and "The North Sea." A depiction of a small native hut and two natives is shown in the region of Brazil.
Scale c.a. 1:45, 000, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Henry Seile was a publisher in Fleet Street. He worked on maps for Peter Heylin's "Cosmographie" published in 1652 and later in 1657 (Tooley, 573).|
William Trevethen was an engraver. He worked for Heylin and also worked on Roberts "Merchant map of Commerce" (1677) and Mandelso's "East Indies" (1662).
This particular map was first published in Peter Heylin's "Cosmographie." Heylin (a.k.a. Peter Heylyn) (b. 1600) was a Chaplain to the King of England and produced a set of lectures in geography that he first published in 1621 as "Microcosmus" which he later expanded to "Cosmographie." Seile published the maps, engraved by William Trevethen. The maps were a copy of Abraham Goos's map of America (1626), published in John Speed's "Atlas." Evident in this map are a few changes to Goos's original map, including an erasure above Granada and another beneath Cibola. "No. Belgeum" and "Carolina" have been added. It is likely that the term "Carolina" indicates earlier French ownership or exploration of the area as it is too far south for the Carolina region that was to be named in 1660 (Burden, 394, entry 308). The map also shows "Quivira" as north of New Mexico (Wagner, entry 368). The map was published in about five different states. The first is seen here, published in 1652. The later editions were produced from 1663 plates by Seile's widow, Anne. In 1666, a version of the map appeared with the imprint of "Philippi Chetwind" rather than Seile. A fifth state of the map is undated (Burden, 394, entry 308).
Source(s): Burden, Philip D. "The Mapping of North America: A List of Printed Maps 1511-1670." Rickmansworth, England: Raleigh Publications, 1996.
McLaughlin, Glen and Nancy H. Mayo. "The Mapping of California as an Island: An Illustrated Checklist." Saratoga, CA: California Map Society, 1995.
Moreland, Carl and David Bannister. "Antique Maps: A Collector's Handbook." New York: Longman Group, Ltd., 1983.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "California as an Island: A Geographic Misconception Illustrated by 100 Examples from 1625 to 1770." London: Map Collector's Circle, 1964.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
Wagner, Henry R. "The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the year 1800 Volume 2." Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937.
Wheat, Carl I. "Mapping the Transmississippi West." Volume 1. San Francisco: Institute of Historical Cartography, 1957.
|Category||California as an Island|
|Location Depicted||Western Hemisphere|
|Subjects (LCSH)||America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP091 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email email@example.com. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3290 1652 S4 |
|Physical Description||34 x 42 cm. |
|Condition||Watermark with large bird in crest. Slight dark grayness throughout map. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|References||Burden, p. 394, entry 308. Leighly (1972), pl. 8. McLaughlin and Mayo (1995) nos. 13 & 39. Tooley (1964), p. 115, nos. 11 & 13. Wagner, entry 368. Wheat, p. 195, entry 55. |