New and Complete Chart of the World; Displaying the Tracks of Captn. Cook, and other Modern Navigators.
|Title||New and Complete Chart of the World; Displaying the Tracks of Captn. Cook, and other Modern Navigators. |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3200_1787_B68.html |
|Cartographer||Bowen, Thomas, d. 1790|
|Explorer||Cook, James, 1728-1779|
|Engraver||Bowen, Thomas, d. 1790|
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1787? |
|Place of Publication||England--London |
|Original Source||"A New, Royal, Authentic and Complete System of Universal Geography, Antient and Modern." Bankes, Thomas. London: C. Cooke, 1787. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor. |
Watermark shows a decorative pattern and publication date of 1796.
Printed in cartouche in middle of top border:
"A New and Complete Chart of the World; Displaying the Tracks of Captn. Cook, and other Modern Navigators."
Printed beneath South America, a legend explaining the exploration routes of various ships:
"Explanation. Endeavours Track in 1768, 9, 70 & 71. Resolution & Adventures in 1772, 3, 4 & 5. Resolution & Discovery in 1776, 7, 8, 9 & 80. Racehorse & Carcass in 1773."
Printed beneath Indian Ocean, note explaining when ships left starting point:
"Note. The Endeavour left Plymouth 26 Aug 1768, arrived in the Downs 12 July 1771. Resolution & Adventure left Plymouth 13 July 1772, arrived at Portsmouth 30 July 1775. Resolution & Discovery left Plymouth 13 July 1775, arrived at Strumnes 22 Augt. 1780."
Printed in lower right corner beneath border:
"Drawn & Engraved by T. Bowen."
Written in pencil in upper right corner on verso:
"Bank's Geography. 1789. 18-10-6."
Displays entire world with Europe, Asia and Africa on the left side of the map and North America and South America on the right side. Shows Arctic Circle and area north of it as "Frozen Ocean." The Bering Sea is shown as the "Bhering Str." Nootka Sound is shown as well. The point at which explorers could no longer head north because of weather conditions is labeled as "Impenetrable Ice." The northwestern portion above California is labeled as "New Albion" and the area between New Albion and the "United States" is labeled as "New Louisiana." Also shown is a large island belonging to current-day Arkhagel'sk north of western Russia labeled as "Nova Zembia." Central Asia is labeled as "Independant Tartary" and northern Africa is labeled as "Negroland" while southern Africa is called "Cafreria." Eastern Africa is labeled as "Abissinia" and the present nations of Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Benin, Togo and Liberia are labeled as "Guinea. routes and dates of the exploration done by Captain James Cook are shown throughout the map. routes of various explorers are also shown including Phipps' exploration of current-day Svalbard. Australia's borders are completely shown and it is labeled as "New Holland."
East and west degrees of longitude are marked from Greenwich in the upper and lower corners in the border of the map.
Scale c.a. 1:195, 000, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Thomas Bowen was the son of engraver, mapseller and publisher, Emanuel Bowen (fl. 1720-67). Bowen worked with his father on several maps and became an engraver and mapseller himself. Bowen engraved for a number of cartographers and publishers including Cook, Hogg, Forster and Carver. Among his works are "British American Plantation" (1749), "Royal English Atlas" (1767), "Atlas Anglicanus" (1765), Morant's "Essex" (1768), Taylor and Skinner's "Roads" (1776), "The World showing the Discoveries of Capt. Cook and other circumnavigators" (c. 1777), Middleton's "Geographia" (1777-78), Carver's "New Univ. Traveller" (1779), and Forster's "Hist. of Voyages" (1786). Bowen died in Clerkenwell Workhouse (Tooley, 74; Moreland and Bannister, 166). After Thomas's death in 1790, his map plates passed on to the business of Bowels and Carver (Skelton, 74).|
Source(s): Library of Congress Division of Maps and Charts. "A List of Maps of America in the Library of Congress." Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1901.
Moreland, Carl and David Bannister. "Antique Maps: A Collector's Handbook." New York: Longman Group, Ltd., 1983.
Skelton, R.A. "Decorative Printed Maps of the 15th to 18th Centuries; a Revised Edition of Old Decorative Maps and Charts, by A. L. Humphreys." London: Staples Press, 1952.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
|Category||Exploration and Discovery|
|Subjects (LCSH)||World maps--Early works to 1800; Cook, James, 1728-1779--Travel; Voyages around the world--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP089 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email email@example.com. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3200 1787 B68 |
|Physical Description||31 x 46 cm. |
|Condition||Small hole in leaf above "Nova Zembia" in Arctic Sea. Dark brown spot above top border of map. Light tidelines in upper left corner. Name of engraver and margin caption beneath border in lower left corner is substantially worn away. Watermark. Dark stains along middle on verso. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||The Janice Ruth Johnson Memorial Map Collection donated by Professor W. Vance Johnson, Ellensburg, Washington, 1990. |
|References||"A List of Maps of America in the Library of Congress" 1094. "Guide to the Antiquarian Maps Collection, 1493-1962" Online Archive of California, 2008, http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=ft1199n59s&chunk.id=c01-184.108.40.206&brand=oac. |