America noviter delineata
|Title||America noviter delineata |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3290_1642_H6.html |
|Cartographer||Hondius, Jodocus, 1594 or 1595-1629|
Hondius, Hendrik, 1597-1651
|Explorer||Le Maire, Jacques, 1585-1616|
Schouten, Willem Corneliszoon, d. 1625
|Century Published||17th century|
|Publication Date||1641 |
|Publisher||Jansson, Jan 1588-1664|
|Place of Publication||Netherlands--Amsterdam |
|Original Source||"Atlas Novus." Hondius, Hendrik and Joannes Janssonius. Amsterdam: Janssonius, 1641. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Mounted on silk.
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in cartouche in the lower right corner:
America noviter delineate. Auct: Henrico Hondio. 1641.
Printed on lower right edge:
Amstelodami, Excudit Ionnes Ianssonius.
Inset in lower left corner of South Pole:
Antartica entitled "Terra Australis Incognita" with the following inscription: "Tabellam hanc seorsum sub iunximus ex qua quanta pars orbis austrum versus in hunc usque diem nos lateat perspicuum est."
Inset in upper portion of North Pole:
Greenland and Iceland entitled "Groenlandia" with the following inscription, "Borealiores Americae tractus cum hae tabula comprehendi nequirent nisi forte istas regions minoris forme ambitu concludere et deseribere voluisemus nos ys tabellam seorsim destinavi mus supra delineatam cui et Polus Arcticus in cluditur."
Depictions of ships, whales and sea monsters appear throughout the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Within South America, images of Spaniards and natives appear as well as unusual animals. Hudson Bay is depicted distorted it was only partly explored at the time this map was created.
Scale: c.a. 1:40, 000, 0000
|Contextual Notes||The map was originally created by major Flemish cartographer and engraver, Jodocus Hondius, Junior (1594-1629). Hondius had borrowed heavily on the work of rival mapmaker, Willem Blaeu, especially his large America printed in 1608 and a second map published in 1617. This particular map, first published as a separate map in 1618, was part of a set of four maps depicting the continents. Philip Burden dates this first publication as 1618 due to its depiction of the area surrounding Tierra del Fuego at the tip of South America. In 1617, information from the voyage of Jacob le Maire and Willem Cornelisz Schouten around Cape Horn became widely disseminated but the Australian Company and the Dutch East India Company, blocked the publication of this new information due to law suits. In 1618, Blaeu published information about the voyage including charts of Tierra del Fuego which Hondius appears to have used in this map. Following Hondius's death in 1629, Hondius's brother, Hendrik or Hendrik, appears to have acquired the plates for the map. Hendrik removed the original map's highly decorative borders in order to print it in his atlas, "Atlas Novus" with the aid of his brother-in-law, Jan Jansson. In 1631, Hendrik changed the imprint on the map to read "Auct: Henrico Hondio. 1631." In the 1641 version of the map depicted here, the imprint still reads "Auct: Henrico Hondio" but now includes the year 1641 as well as the phrase beneath the cartouche, "Amstelodami, Excudit Ionnes Ianssonius."|
Throughout the seventeenth century, Flemish mapmakers became highly influential in he field of cartography and social conceptions of world geography. The Amesterdam-based Hondius family was no exception to this rule. Both Jodocus Hondius, Sr. (1563-1612) and his two sons, Jodocus Hondius, Jr. (1594-1629) and Hendrik (or Hendrik) Hondius (1597-1651) as well Senior's son-in-law, Jan Jansson (1588-1664) created and published maps that led to a highly successful world atlas based on the work of Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594). In 1604, Jodocus Hondius, Sr. purchased map plates made by Mercator. In 1606, Jodocus published a new edition of Mercator's "Atlas" with 36 of his own maps and called himself the work's publisher. Following his death, Hendrik continued publication of the "Atlas" using the original engraving plates from his father. He worked in collaboration with his brother-in-law, Jan Jansson, to continue publication of the work. Hendrik added to the atlas using map plates his brother, Jodocus Hondius, Jr., created following his brother's death in 1629. In 1638, Hendrik and Jan changed the title of the Atlas to "Atlas Novus" and began using their names on the publication of the maps. Following Henricus's death, Jansson continued publishing the atlas and adding to its content until there were 10 volumes plus an extra volume in the 1650s-1660s. Publication of this atlas finished in 1708 (Burden, 235-237; Lowery, 139; Pierluigi and Knirsch, 162-3; Tooley, 299, pl. 172; Wagner, 310).
Source(s): Burden, Philip D. "The Mapping of North America: A List of Printed Maps 1511-1670." Rickmansworth, England: Raleigh Publications, 1996.
Goos, John. "The Mapping of North America: Three Centuries of Map-making 1600-1860." London: Wellfleet Press, 1990.
Lowery, Woodbury. "The Lowery Collection: A Descriptive List of Maps of the Spanish Possessions within the Present Limits of the United States, 1502-1820." Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1912.
Pierluigi, Portinaro and Franco Knirsch. "The Cartography of North America 1500-1800." New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1987.
Tooley, Ronald Vere, ed. "The Mapping of America." London: Holland Press, 1985.
Wagner, Henry R. "The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the year 1800 Volume 2." Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937.
|Location Depicted||Western Hemisphere|
|Subjects (LCSH)||America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP010 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3290 1642 H6 |
|Physical Description||handcolored ; 38 x 50 cm. |
|Condition||Paper and linen repairs evident to centerfold. Other damage by acidic wash repaired in part by Japanese paper. Tide lines showing water damage on upper left and right, and lower left of map. Old call number in ink in lower left corner. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 400 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 300 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||Acquistion information written in pencil on left edge: 24 March '45. C.S. Hubbell. NW 8000. |
|References||Burden, 235-237. Goos, 66, map 27. Lowery, 139. Portinaro and Knirsch, 162-3. Tooley, 299, pl. 172. Wagner, v. 2, 310. |