Recentissima Novi Orbis, Sive Americae Septentrionalis et Meridionalis Tabula Ex Officina Caroli Allard Cum Privilegion Ordinum Hollandia et Westfrisie.
|Title||Recentissima Novi Orbis, Sive Americae Septentrionalis et Meridionalis Tabula Ex Officina Caroli Allard Cum Privilegion Ordinum Hollandia et Westfrisie. |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3290_1696_A5.html |
|Cartographer||Allard, Carel, 1648 - ca. 1709|
Tidemann, Phillip, 1657-1705
|Engraver||Gouwen, Gilliam van der fl. 1669-1713|
|Century Published||17th century|
|Publication Date||ca. 1696 |
|Publisher||Allard, Carel 1648- c.a. 1709|
|Place of Publication||Netherlands--Amsterdam |
|Original Source||"Magnum Theatrum Belli, Quousque se Hodie in Orbe Extendit…". Allard, Carel. Amsterdam: Carel Allard, c.a. 1700. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Mounted on linen.
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in lower left corner in cartouche:
" Recentissima Novi Orbis, Sive Americae Septentrionalis et Meridionalis Tabula Ex Officina Caroli Allard Cum Privilegion Ordinum Hollandia et Westfrisie."
Printed in lower left corner inset map: "Zeelandia Nova circa Gradum sita."
Includes inset map of New Zeland as "Zeelandia Nova." Climates for different latitudes printed in left and right borders.
Depicts California as an island. Of note, "Terra Esonis" and "Mare Esonis" are shown in the northwest near Japan or "Iaponiaeins." "Louisiaene", "Nova Francia", "Nova Mexico", and "Florida" occupy the major portions of North America. The Canary Islands, Cabo Verde islands and the Azores are displayed prominently off the coast of Africa.
Above the title cartouche is a feathered crown. An elaborately costumed woman and slave figure with basket, and native flora and fauna including sugar cane, a parrot, aligator and an armadillo surround the cartouche.
Prime meridian: Teneriffe.
Scale: 1:74, 000, 000
|Contextual Notes||Carel Allard (1648-1709) was an engraver and publisher of Amsterdam op den Dam in Kaertwinkel and the son of Hugo Allard, another famous map publisher and engraver (Tooley, 11). He produced a number of atlases containing large numbers of maps and town plans, many done by earlier cartographers (Moreland and Bannister, 116-117). His works include: "Atlas Minor" (1696), "Atlas Major" (c.a. 1705), "Theatre of War" (1702), and "Orbis habitabilis Oppida" (100 plates) (1698).|
Gilliam van der Gouwen (fl. 1669-1713) was a Dutch engraver and worked for many well-known cartographers including Allard, Visscher, de Wit (1696) and Halma (1704) (Tooley, 257). Philip Tideman was an artist and map illustrator. Of his cartographic work, the best known is Turkish Empire (1696) in De Wit's "Atlas" (Tooley, 620).
This map shows California with an "indented northern coast" and a noteworthy large area of land marked as "Terra Esonis" between North America and the Japanese islands. The map's title cartouche is the same as Valck's map of 1710 (McLaughlin and Mayo, 57, entry 132). Tooley notes that it shows California as an island according to Sanson's work and shows Nova Albion in northern California ("California as an Island" 127, entry 65). The map was published in Allard's "Magnum theatrum belli, quousque se hodie in orbe extendit…" in Amsterdam c.a. 1700 (McLaughlin and Mayo, 57, entry 132). Lowery writes that the map was also published in Allard's "Atlas Minor" no. 138 (Lowery, 193-4).
Source(s): McLaughlin, Glen and Nancy H. Mayo. "The Mapping of California as an Island: An Illustrated Checklist." Saratoga, CA: California Map Society, 1995.
Lowery, Woodbury. "The Lowery Collection: A Descriptive List of Maps of the Spanish Possessions within the Present Limits of the United States, 1502-1820." Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1912.
Moreland, Carl and David Bannister. "Antique Maps: A Collector's Handbook." New York: Longman Group, Ltd., 1983.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Chapter 3: California as an Island: A Geographic Misconception Illustrated by 100 Examples from 1625 to 1770." In "The Mapping of America." Ed. by Ronald Vere Tooley. London: Holland Press, 1985. 110-134.
---. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
|Category||California as an Island|
Historical Illustrated Scene
|Location Depicted||Western Hemisphere|
|Subjects (LCSH)||America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP003 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3290 1696 A5 |
|Physical Description||handcolored ; 50 x 59 cm. |
|Condition||Original call number written in ink in lower left and crossed out in pencil. Two large holes in illustration in lower left. Browning around edges of leaf. Small holes along southern tip of South America and border of Brasil and Amazonum Regio. Some color has bled through to verso. Original and new call number written on verso in pencil in lower left corner. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||Written in pencil beneath bottom border of map: Phillips 523, no. 138 |
|References||"A Catalogue of the Maps and Charts in the Library of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts 1831" 183. Lowery, 193-4. McLaughlin and Mayo, 57, entry 132. Tooley, "California as an Island" 127, entry 65). |