New & Correct Map of the Whole World Shewing ye Situation of its Principal Parts. Viz the Oceans; Kingdoms, Rivers, Capes, Ports, Mountains, Woods, Trade-Winds, Monsoons, Variation of ye Compass, Climats, &c. With the most Remarkable Tracks of the Bold Attempts which have been made to Find out the North East & North West Passages, A
|Title||New & Correct Map of the Whole World Shewing ye Situation of its Principal Parts. Viz the Oceans; Kingdoms, Rivers, Capes, Ports, Mountains, Woods, Trade-Winds, Monsoons, Variation of ye Compass, Climats, &c. With the most Remarkable Tracks of the Bold Attempts which have been made to Find out the North East & North West Passages, A |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3200_1719_M6_Moll_New_and_Correct_Whole.html |
|Cartographer||Moll, Herman, d. 1732|
|Engraver||Cheron, Louis, 1655 or 60 - ca. 1725|
Kirkall, Elisha, 1682-1742
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1719 |
|Publisher||Moll, Herman ?-1732|
|Place of Publication||England--London |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor mounted on linen.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Contains 4 compass roses along bottom.
Printed in cartouche in upper left corner:
"A New & Correct Map of the Whole World Shewing ye Situation of its Principal Parts. Viz the Oceans; Kingdoms, Rivers, Capes, Ports, Mountains, Woods, Trade-Winds, Monsoons, Variation of ye Compass, Climats, &c. With the most Remarkable Tracks of the Bold Attempts which have been made to Find out the North East & North West Passages. With the most Remarkable Tracks of the Bold Attempts which have been made to Find out the North East & North West Passages. The Projection of this Map is Call'd Mercator's the Design is to make it Useful both for Land and Sea. And it is laid Down with all possible care. According to the Newest and Most Exact Observations By Herman Moll Geographer. 1719."
Printed beneath illustration around cartouche in lower left:
"L Cheron delin."
Printed beneath illustration around cartouche in lower right:
"E. Kirkall sculp."
Printed on left edge is an inset of the world showing variations in degrees with text:
"This Chart is to shew ye Year 1700. in ye Atlantick and Indian Ocean; and you will see in ye Map of Variations of ye Compass markt over ye Great South Sea, as they were found in 17 9/10."
Printed beneath the inset chart on the left edge is a note stating the attempt at accuracy for this map and criticizing the publication of Moses Pitts' Atlas for having inaccurate maps:
"Advertisement. Having finish'd a New and Compleat Atlas….and omitted no Pains to have them very carefully done…"
Printed in lower left is an inset of the world with a polar projection from the North Pole with keys indicating attempts at finding Northeast and Northwest Passages:
"The North Pole. The letter A in this Draught is the place which all Adventurers aimed to come at in order to make ye N. West Passage, & California to ye South Sea &c. and B is that for ye N. East Passage…Iapon to the East Indies &c."
Printed in the lower left corner is a note defining climate:
"Note, A Climate is a certain space of Earth and Sea, that is included within the Space of two Parallels; there are 24 on each side of the Equator, being Limited by every half Hour's Increase of the Day; beginning at the Equator, and ending where the longest Day is 24 Hours."
Printed in lower right is an explanation of how to determine distances in English leagues using degrees:
"Explanation. To find the Distance between any two Places in this Map by ye Scale of English Leagues…"
Printed in lower right corner:
"Sold by H. Moll where you may have his New Atlas or Set of Twenty-Five Two-Sheet Maps bound or single, all Colour'd according to his Direction."
Printed in center of bottom edge:
"In this Map is inserted A View of the General and Coasting Trade-winds, Monsoons or the shifting Trade-winds. Note that the Arrows among the Lines shew the Course of those General & Coasting Winds and the Arrows in the void Spaces shew the course of the shifting Trade-winds and the abbreviations Sept. & c. Shew the Times of the Year when such Winds Blow."
World map which includes an outline of Australia as "New Holland" connected to New Guinea. Also shows the "Land of Iesso" connected to Asia. Of note, California is shown as an island. The northwest region of North America is labeled as "Parts Unknown." Uses arrows to indicate trade winds. Printed at the top border around the title cartouche are Hebrew symbols surrounded by sun rays which represent "God". A prophet writing in a book, an angel with a sword and four men dressed in various native costumes and armor, possibly representing the four major continents, Asia, Europe, Africa and America adorn the cartouche. A lion is reclining at the bottom.
|Contextual Notes||This map was originally created by Dutch cartographer, engraver and bookseller, Herman Moll (?-1732). Moll first came to England in 1678. He worked as an engraver for Moses Pitt, Greenville Collins, John Adair, and Seller and Price. Some of his work includes "America and Europe" for Moore's "Geography" (1681), six charts for Collins in 1689, "A System of Geography" (1701), "Globe" (1703), "Atlas Minor" (1727, 1729), and "World Described" (1727) (Tooley, 444). He was a major proponent of the concept that California was an island even after exploration information from Jesuit Father Kino revealed that California was a peninsula in 1705. Many of Moll's maps were used by the British to contest France's claims on certain land borders following the War of Spanish Succession (1702-1713) (Portinaro and Knirsch, 317).|
The land of "Iesso" or "Yezo" was an island allegedly lying north of Japan. Later identified as Hokkaido, explorers in the seventeenth century were unsure of its nature. The Russians attempted to discern whether Yezo was indeed an island or part of Asia with a number of expeditions in the seventeenth century. Under the reign of Peter the Great, the explorers were able to chart Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula and the Kurile Islands. In the 1780s, a French expedition sailed between Yezo and Korea, and then, through the Kuriles (Tooley and Bricker, 130).
Portinaro, Pierluigi and Franco Knirsch. "The Cartography of North America 1500-1800." New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1987.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
Tooley, Ronald Vere and Charles Bricker. "Landmarks of Mapmaking: An Illustrated Survey of Maps and Mapmakers." Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1968.
|Category||Historical Illustrated Scene|
California as an Island
|Subjects (LCSH)||World maps - Early works to 1800.; Trade winds - Maps-Early works to 1800. |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP048 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3200 1719 M6 |
|Physical Description||70 x 119 cm. |
|Condition||Some foxing and browning throughout. Pieces of map missing top and bottom edge. Written in pencil on verso in lower right corner: "s/h Molls World 1719 Ez/7-." Written in pencil on verso along bottom: "Moll 1719. Moll World 143." |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 400 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 300 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |