Tychonis Brahe Calculus, Planetarum Cursus Et Altitudines Ob Oculos Ponens
|Title||Tychonis Brahe Calculus, Planetarum Cursus Et Altitudines Ob Oculos Ponens |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3190_1660_C44_Cellarius_Tychonis.html |
|Engraver||Loon, J. van, ca. 1611-1686|
|Publication Date||1660? |
|Publisher||Jansson, Jan 1588-1664|
|Place of Publication||Netherlands--Amsterdam |
|Original Source||"Atlas Coelestis Seu Harmonia Macrocosmica." Cellarius, Andreas. Amsterdam: Jan Jansson, 1660. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Full color illustrations.
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in upper right and upper left corners in two cartouches:
"Tychonis Brahe Calculus, Planetarum Cursus Et Altitudines Ob Oculos Ponens."
Printed around the outermost circle in the center:
"Pisces. Aries. Taurus. Gemini. Cancer. Leo. Virgo. Libra. Scorpi."
Printed in second outermost circle:
"Zodiacus Sive Dodecamorion Aut Maximus Sphaerae Octavae Circulus Duodecim Signa Coelestia Comprehendens Terrae Concentricus Soli Eccentricus. Interstitium inter Stessarum Fixarum Sphaeram Et Saturni Orbem."
Printed around center circles showing the orbits of planets:
"Interuasssum inter Saturni Orbem Et Joujs Sphaeram. Systematarium Boreale Planetarum Solem In Hemisphaerio Boreali Circumeuntium. Systematarium Australe PLanetarum Solem In Hemisphaerio Australi Circumeuntium."
Printed at the bottom of the center is a scale:
"Scala Diametrorum Terrae quarum una constat 1720 millaribus Germanicis communibus."
Printed beneath the scale:
"J. van Loon F."
Written in pencil in upper right corner:
Depicts planetary orbits. In the four corners of the map are illustrations of four cherubs with cartographic instruments. The outermost circle contain depictions of the signs of the Zodiac.
|Contextual Notes||Andreas Cellarius (fl. 1656-1702) was a Dutch mathematician and geographer. His works include "Atlas Coelestis" (1660) and "Harmonia Macrocosmica" (1660, 1661, 1708) (Tooley, 109).|
Jan van Loon (ca. 1611-86) was a mathematician, astronomer, chart maker and engraver. He worked on Jacobsz' "Sea Mirrour" (1649), Pilot Books for Jansson (1650-54), "Zee Atlas" and "Flambeau de la Mer" (1682-8).
Cellarius's "Atlas Coelestis" was published by Jan Jansson (1588-1664), son-in-law of the famed Jodocus Hondius, Sr. (1563-1612). The work contained illustrated plates of the stars and other astronomical theories using contemporary conceptions of the universe. This particular chart, plate 9 in the atlas, shows the cosmology according to Danish astronomer, Tycho Brahe. According to Johnson, the map was a way to compromise between the Ptolemaic beliefs about the universe and the Copernican beliefs. According to Johnson, in Tycho's theory, "all of the planets except Earth revolve around the sun, as they do in the Copernican model, but then that entire set of planets revolves about the earth, thus ultimately preserving the Ptolemaic point of view….Despite its cleverness, this scheme did not gain support…" (Johnson).
Johnson, Vance W. "A Farewell to Maps." 28 October 1990.
Tooley, Ronald Vere, ed. "The Mapping of America." London: Holland Press, 1985.
|Location Depicted||Solar System|
|Subjects (LCSH)||Astronomy-Charts, diagrams, etc.-Early works to 1800.; Planets-Orbits-Maps-Early works to 1800.; Solar system-Maps-Early works to 1800. |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP046 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3190 1660 C44 |
|Physical Description||41 x 51 cm. |
|Condition||Has binder's guard. Torn at bottom of centerfold and repaired with tape. Browning around edges. Some foxing evident. Old call number written in pencil on verso in lower left corner. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 400 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 300 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||The Janice Ruth Johnson Memorial Map Collection donated by Professor W. Vance Johnson, Ellensburg, Wash., 1990. |