L'Amerique Suivant Le R. P. Charlevoix Jte. Mr. De La Condamine. et Plusieurs autres Nouvle. Observations
|Title||L'Amerique Suivant Le R. P. Charlevoix Jte. Mr. De La Condamine. et Plusieurs autres Nouvle. Observations |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3290_1746_L4.html |
|Cartographer||Le Rouge, Georges-Louis|
|Explorer||La Condamine, Charles-Marie de, 1701-1774.|
Charlevoix, Pierre-François-Xavier de 1682-1761
Chirikov, Aleksei Il'ich, 1703-1748
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1746 |
|Publisher||Le Rouge, Georges-Louis|
|Place of Publication||France--Paris |
|Original Source||"Atlas Général Contenant le Detail des Quatres Parties Du Monde…" Paris: 1741-62. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor. Paper contains watermarks. |
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in the upper left corner in cartouche:
"L'Amerique Suivant Le R. P. Charlevoix Jte. Mr. De La Condamine. et Plusieurs autres Nouvle. Observations A Paris. Par le Sr. Le Rouge Ing. Geographe du Roy. rue des Grs. Augustins 1746."
Printed in lower left corner is a table describing how the Americas have been divided up among owning European nations including France, Spain, Portugal, England and Denmark. The key shows which countries are in North America and South America. Also includes notes about which religions (Catholic, Protestant, Worship of the Sun, and the Cult of Idols) dominate in which regions.
Printed in lower right corner is a numbered list of particular changes in this map:
"Changements de Cette Carte. 1o. Dans la Baye d'Hudson la baye Repulsée la Riviere de Vager et l'Isle decouverte par les Anglois en 1742. 2o. les Cinq Lacs au Nord du Lac Superieur le Fleuve de l'Ouest & par le R. P. Charlevoix 3o. la Riviere des Amazones par Mr. de la Condamine avec la Comunication a l'Orinoque par Rio 4o. les Cotes et les Isles sont prises sur les Cartes Marines que Mr. de Maurepas a fait faire."
Printed in upper left corner in Northern Pacific Ocean are the tracks of Alexei Tchirkow's expedition from Kamchatka to the coast of Alaska in 1741.
Depicts entire Western Hemisphere including North America, South America, Greenland, and the West Indies. Also includes part of western Africa, part of western Europe and some islands in the South Pacific including the Solomon Islands. North America has been divided into Canada, California, New Mexico, Florida, Carolina, and New England. South America has been divided into Terre Ferme, Mission Portugaises, Bresil, Paraguay, Terre Magellanique, Chili, and Peru. Shows the mythical Sea of the West, a River of the West running into it and the mythical kingdom of Quivira in the northwest coast of North America. Of note, the outline of Alaska is misshapen and much of the northwest portion of North America has been left blank or is distorted. Includes notes throughout on various discoveries of islands or places. The title cartouche is an decorated with flora, bows and arrows, a pitchfork and a parasol at the top.
Prime Meridian: Ferro.
Scale: ca. 1:19, 000, 000-40, 000, 000.
|Contextual Notes||George-Louis Le Rouge (fl. 1741-79) was a French cartographer and publisher. He also served as the "Ingenieur Géographe du Roi" in France. His 1778 atlas, "Atlas Américain Septentrional" was "one of the best French collections of North American maps" at the time of publication. His other works include "Atlas General" (1741-62), "Recueil des Cartes Nouvelles (1742), "Guerre en Europe (1743), "Atlas Portatif" (1748), and Recueil des Plans de l'Amerique Septentrional (1755) (Tooley, 389; Portinaro and Knirsch, 316).|
Pierre Francois-Xavier de Charlevoix was a Jesuit missionary who was commissioned by France in 1720 to explore the area west of the Great Lakes in Canada. During his expedition he saw Niagara and Detroit. He also followed the Mississippi River south. He believed the Missouri River headed west and subscribed to the belief in the mythical Sea of the West. His memoirs of his travels are highly descriptive and though he wrote them in 1723, they were not published until 1744 (Howgego, 217).
Charles Marie de la Condamine was a French geographer and mathematician. In 1735, he was sent on an expedition to Peru to work determining distances between degrees of latitude. On his return, he explored parts of Brazil along the Amazon (Howgego, 583-4).
Alaska was first discovered and mapped by Russian explorers in the eighteenth century. Peter the Great sent out his Danish captain, Vitus Bering in 1728. Bering left from Kamchatka Peninsula and heading east but had little luck in finding land in America. In 1732, Mikhail Gvozdev saw the eastern coast of the Diomede Islands in what is now modern-day Bering Strait, prompting more exploration. In spring of 1741, the Second Kamchatka Expedition began in which Bering was able to explore the Aleutian Islands. During this expedition, Bering and his fellow commander, Aleksei Chirikov (or Tschirikov), attempted to explored the northwest coast of Alaska. Chirikov had little luck, however, landing at Baker Island and coasting north towards Baranof Island. After an exploration boat from his voyage did not return, he decided to return to Kamchatka. Bering's voyage went worse. He was able to explore a little further south and land at Kayak Island during which time the major naturalist and scientist, Georg Steller, hurriedly conducted research on the island. On his return to Kamchatka, Bering wrecked on what is now modern-day Bering Island and died during the crew's stay on the island. After nearly a year, the remaining crew was able to build a ship from the wreckage of the first ship and sail back to Kamchatka, arriving in September of 1742 (Hayes, 102-5).
This map is indicative of Tchirikow's exploration in 1741 and 1742 as well as expeditions by Charlevoix and La Condamine.
Hayes, Derek. "America Discovered: A Historical Atlas of North American Exploration. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 2004.
Portinaro, Pierluigi and Franco Knirsch. "The Cartography of North America 1500-1800." New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1987.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
|Category||Exploration and Discovery|
|Location Depicted||North America|
|Subjects (LCSH)||America -- Discovery and exploration -- Maps -- Early works to 1800 ; Western Hemisphere -- Maps -- Early works to 1800 ; America--Maps--Early works to 1800.; Chirikov, Aleksei Il'ich, 1703-1748 -- Discovery and exploration. |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP026 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3290 1746 L4 |
|Physical Description||48 x 63 cm. |
|Condition||Some browning along edges. Some color on verso. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|References||Brown University, John Carter Brown Library, Archive of Early American Images. New York Public Library Digital Archive, http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/dgkeysearchdetail.cfm?trg=1&strucID=293090&imageID=478205&parent_id=854713&word=&snum=&s=¬word=&d=&c=&f=&sScope=&sLevel=&sLabel=&total=21&num=12&imgs=12&pNum=&pos=15#_seemore . University of Alaska, http://vilda.alaska.edu/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/cdmg11&CISOPTR=10751&REC=2 . |