Typus Geographicus: Chilli a Paraguay Freti Magellanici etc. ex PPbg. Alfonso d'Ovalle & Nicol. Techo nec non de Brouwer, Narbouroug, de Beauchesne etc. á Guiliel. de l'Islio descripts, insuperque secundum recentiores du Frezier relations rectificats cui accredit Ichnographia Urb. cap. S Iago Editoribus Homannianis Heredibus. Norib. A. MDCCXXXIII
|Title||Typus Geographicus: Chilli a Paraguay Freti Magellanici etc. ex PPbg. Alfonso d'Ovalle & Nicol. Techo nec non de Brouwer, Narbouroug, de Beauchesne etc. á Guiliel. de l'Islio descripts, insuperque secundum recentiores du Frezier relations rectificats cui accredit Ichnographia Urb. cap. S Iago Editoribus Homannianis Heredibus. Norib. A. MDCCXXXIII |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G5200_1733_H6.html |
|Cartographer||L'Isle, Guillaume de, 1675-1726|
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1733 |
|Publisher||Homann Erben (Firm)|
|Place of Publication||Germany--Nuremberg |
|Original Source||"Atlas Geographicus." Nuremberg: Homann Erben, c.a. 1745. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with ink or watercolor.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in the lower left corner in cartouche:
" Typus Geographicus: Chilli a Paraguay Freti Magellanici etc. ex PPbg. Alfonso d'Ovalle & Nicol. Techo nec non de Brouwer, Narbouroug, de Beauchesne etc. á Guiliel. de l'Islio descripts, insuperque secundum recentiores du Frezier relations rectificats cui accredit Ichnographia Urb. cap. S Iago Editoribus Homannianis Heredibus. Norib. A. MDCCXXXIII."
Printed off coast of Chili is a note explaining that Chili's climate is cool and therefore has an appropriate name:
"Nota: Regnum Chili 1554. Sub ditionem Hispanorum fortitudine Ducis Almagri, Castiliensis redactum est. Frigidus in illo propter montes Andes perpetuis niribus obrutos aer est, id quod voce Chili significari ajunt. Nihilo tamen minus plenum est ita dictis Vulcanis Seu igniromis montibus, et ob id terrae motibus valde obnoxium; Unde qui A. 1730. Contigit recentissimus terrae motus Secundum relations ex Jamaica factas fere exitium omne toti regno minatus est. Sic ut facta ingenti maris inundation urbem inprimis S. IAgo deglutiverit penitus, aliam le Caonception dictam aquis integram submerserit, hominumque plus quam VIII Millionum jacturam fecerit. Du Frezier et alu frigidum tantum in montibus, in vallibus vero temperatum valde aerem animadverteruntunde vocem Chili non a frigore sed a fluvio Chille in sale Quillota derivant."
Printed in the upper left corner is a scale comparing Spanish marine leagues, Spanish common leagues, French leagues and German leagues.
Printed beneath the Isles St. Ambor and Isle St. Felex ou St. Ambroise off the west coast of northern Chili:
"Ces Isles ont ete decouvertes par Juan Fernandez dans le voyage, qu'il fit du Perou au Chili l'an 1574. On dit quece sont les memes, que Pedro Sarmiento vit l'an 1589 sous cette hauteur."
Depicts the southern part of South America with various regions labeled as Paraguay, Tucuman, Chili, and Terre Magellanique. Shows cities, major rivers, lakes, mountains and forests including Rio de la Plata. Contains notes on various geographic bodies. The inset map in the lower right corner is a street plan of Santiago, Chile which includes a key showing where various churches and other major buildings are located. The illustration at the bottom of the title cartouche shows two people trying to catch a lamb.
Scale: c.a. 1:9, 000, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Guillaume de L'Isle (1675-1726) was a cartographer and the Premier Geographer to the King in France beginning in 1718. His family played a significant part in the world of French cartography in the eighteenth century. At age 9, he drew his first map and at age 27 he became a member of the Académie Royale des Sciences. He studied under Jacques Cassini, acquiring knowledge in both mathematics and astronomy. Due to his academic background and his "critical approach to the maps of his predecessors" he became known as the first "scientific cartographer" (Moreland and Bannister, 132). Among his works are "Globe, map of the world and the four continents" (1700), "Atlas de Géographie" (1700-12), "Mississippi" (1701), "Carte du Mexique et de la Floride…" (c.a. 1703), "Carte de la Louisiane et du Mississippi" (1718) and posthumously, "Atlas Noveau" (1730 and later). Following his death, his widow took up the business with a partner, Philippe Buache (Tooley 395; Moreland and Bannister, 131-2).|
The Homann Heirs (Homann Erben) was a publishing firm founded in 1702 in Nuremburg by Johann Baptist Homann (1663-1724). After his death, his son, Johann Christoph, took over the business and continued to run the publishing house. Following J. C.'s death, his heirs continued to run the publishing house as Homann Heirs, which lasted for nearly a century after its founding. Later works from the Homann Heirs include Grosser Atlas (1731, 1737), Kleiner Atlas, Poppelmayer's Star Atlas (1742), Geographia Maior (1759) and Atlas Hommanianus (1762). (Tooley, 308).
This particular map was most likely published in "Atlas Geographicus" (University of Chicago Library).
Moreland, Carl and David Bannister. "Antique Maps: A Collector's Handbook." New York: Longman Group, Ltd., 1983.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
Yale University Library. Catalog Record. Accessed 17 Feb 2009.
University of Chicago Library. Catalog Record. Accessed 17 Feb 2009.
|Location Depicted||South America|
|Subjects (LCSH)||South America-Maps-Early works to 1800. |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP018 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G5200 1733 H6 |
|Physical Description||47 x 56 cm. |
|Condition||Lower right and left corners are torn. Some browning along edges. Has binder's guard. Some color has bled through to verso. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|References||University of Chicago Library. Yale University Library. |