Novae Insulae XXVI. Nova Tabula.
|Title||Novae Insulae XXVI. Nova Tabula. |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3290_1552_M8.html |
|Cartographer||Müenster, Sebastian, 1489-1552|
|Century Published||16th century|
|Publication Date||1552 |
|Publisher||Petri, Henrichi 1508-1579|
|Place of Publication||Switzerland--Basel |
|Original Source||"Cosmographei." Munster, Sebastian. Basileae: Henrichi Petri, 1552. |
|Descriptive Notes||Woodblock relief print in ink with metal plate used for text.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed at top along upper border:
"Novae Insulae XXVI. Nova Tabula."
Printed on verso:
Latin text and page number: "Novarum insularum description….54."
Printed within present-day South America:
"Nouus orbis…Die Nüw Welt."
North America is labeled as "Terra florida" and "Francisca" with a small area marked as "C. Britonum" on the east coast of Francisca. Yucatan is depicted as an island and the lake of Temistan is shown emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. Also included are the Straits of Magellan. Magellan's ship "Victoria" is depicted in the Pacific Ocean. A cannibal in Brazil, the Portuguese flag in the South Atlantic, and the Spanish flag in the Caribbean Sea are also shown. Of note, the mythical Sea of Verrazano is shown above "Terra florida" connecting to the Pacific Ocean where Japan or "Zipangi" and several small Pacific islands next to "India Superior" exist. Contains printed border of bars representing latitude and longitude.
Scale: not given.
|Contextual Notes||Sebastian Müenster (1489-1552) was a major writer, scholar, cosmographer and cartographer (Short, 108; Tooley, 454; Portinaro and Knirsch, 317). In 1505, Müenster entered a Franciscan order in Heidelberg. He later studied mathematics, geography, astronomy, cosmology and Hebrew. He produced 80 books on religion. He published several editions of Ptolemy's "Geographia" with many of his own woodcut maps including this map. Müenster was one of the first cartographers to make use of metal plates to print text on woodcut maps (Skelton, 39-40; Burden, 15-7). He also invited other mapmakers in Germany to send him maps of their local areas so that he could combine them into an accurate map of Germany. In 1544, he published his best known work "Cosmography" in Geneva. In its fist edition, "Cosmography" contained 659 pages including 520 woodcut maps and drawings. In1548, this work contained 818 pages and 725 woodcuts. In 1550 the work contained 1,233 pages and 910 woodcuts. Throughout the sixteenth century this work was extremely influential and considered a major source of "geographical, historical, and scientific knowledge" (Short, 108-9). Müenster's work contains a heterogeneous set of knowledge including explanations of "the phoenix, goblins, and spirits." It also contains material discussing "the one-eyed and large-eared people who were supposed to inhabit parts of India" information about latitude and longitude, and royal genealogies. The work also contains maps of many different types including world maps, country maps, regional maps and city maps (Short, 109).|
This map was first published in 1540 as Plate XXVII in Müenster's Ptolemy's "Geographia" and it was the first map to depict the two American continents as connected to each other without a link to another continent (Schwartz and Ehrenberg, 45, 50). Later editions of this map appeared in Müenster's "Cosmographia" with the plate number changed to XXVI as it is depicted here. The map perpetuates the explorer Giovanni da Verrazano's idea that the area between Pamlico and Albermarle Sound along the Carolina Banks was an isthmus with a sea above it connecting to the Pacific Ocean (Burden, 15-17; Portinaro and Knirsch, 36; Bricker, 214). The map follows accounts from Marco Polo describing Japan and the other islands in the Pacific. The land explored by France in North America is labeled as "FRANCISCA" named after France's rule, Francis I. This particular edition of the map, published in 1552 in "Cosmography" is the only edition to include latitude and longitude bars along the border outside the map (Burden, 15-17). This edition also includes the German text "Die Nüw Welt" while the rest of the map's text is in Latin.
Source(s): Bricker, Charles. "Landmarks of Mapmaking: An Illustrated Survey of Maps and Mapmakers." Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1968.
Burden, Philip D. "Mapping of North America: A List of Printed Maps 1511-1670." Ricmansworth, Herts.: Raleigh Publications, 1996.
Ehrenberg, Ralph E. "Mapping the World: An Illustrated History of Cartography." Washington, D. C.: National Geographic Society, 2006.
Goos, John. "The Mapping of North America: Three Centuries of Map-making 1600-1860." London: Wellfleet Press, 1990.
Pierluigi, Portinaro and Franco Knirsch. "The Cartography of North America 1500-1800." New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1987.
Schwartz, Seymour I and Ralph E. Ehrenberg. "The Mapping of America." New York: H. N. Abrams, 1980.
Short, John Rennie. "The World Through Maps: A History of Cartography." Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books Ltd., 2003.
Skelton, R. A. "Decorative Printed Maps of the Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries." London: Staple Press Ltd., 1952.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
|Location Depicted||Western Hemisphere|
|Subjects (LCSH)||America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP175 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3290 1552 M8 |
|Physical Description||26 x 34 cm. |
|Condition||Call number written in pencil on lower left corner on verso. Written in pencil on lower right corner on verso: "SEBASTION MUNSTER PC 1552." Large brown stain in center of bottom edge on recto and verso. Heavy centerfold. Yellow marks along left edge on verso and throughout verso. Small round puncture between flag and "Oceanus occidentalis." Bookplate label detached from verso of map: "From the Collection of Edward W. Allen Seb. Muenster 1552." |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 450 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||Printed on detached bookplate: Collection of Edward W. Allen. |
|References||Bricker, 214. Burden, 15-17. Ehrenberg, 69-70. Goos, 24, pl. 6. Portinaro and Knirsch, 36. Schwartz and Ehrenberg, 50. Skelton, 39-40, pl. 7. |