Map of North America With the European Settlements & whatever else is remarkable in ye West indies, from the latest and best Observations
|Title||Map of North America With the European Settlements & whatever else is remarkable in ye West indies, from the latest and best Observations |
|Alternative Title||A Map of North America With the European Settlements & whatever else is remarkable in ye West indies, from the latest and best Observations |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/MapNorthAmerica1744.html |
|Explorer||Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce baron de, 1666-1715?|
|Engraver||Seale, Richard William|
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1744? |
|Publisher||Tindal, N. (Nicolas), 1687-1774|
Rapin de Thoyras, M. (Paul), 1661-1725
|Place of Publication||England--London |
|Original Source||"The History of England, translated and continued by N. Tindal." Vol. 3. London: Paul Rapin de Thoyras. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor. Paper contains watermark.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in cartouche in lower right:
"A Map of North America With the European Settlements & whatever else is remarkable in ye West indies, from the latest and best Observations."
Printed below border in lower right:
"R.W. Seale delin. et Sculp"
Printed in lower right is a key showing symbols for "European Cities and Towns, " "Indian Towns, " "Forts" and "Castles."
Printed in the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean along tracks:
"Course of the Flora to avoid the Trade Winds. Homeward bound Course of the Armada. Course of the Galeons from Old Spain."
Printed beneath 30 degrees latitude next to the east coast of North America:
"The South Boundary of Carolina by the last Charter."
Printed beneath an unnamed lake in far northwest just south of High Mountains:
"Many Indian Towns on these Islands."
Printed along the Morte or Longue River north of the High Mountains:
"So far B. la Hontan travel'd 1690."
Depicts North America, divided into several regions including California, New Mexico, New Britain, Nova Scotia, Florida, Louisiana and Florida. Mexico and Central America are divided into several regions including Apacheria, New Leon, Culiacan, New Biscay, Gallicia, Guasteca, Panuco, Mechoachan, Xalisco, Mexico, Tlascala, Guaxaca, Tabasco, Vera Pax, Guatimala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Jucaton, Co. Rica and Darien. Also shown are the Caribbean Islands, Cuba, the Bahamas, Jamaica, and the northern part of South America. The eastern coast of North America shows the British Colonies including South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, and New England. Of note, California is shown as an island with the body of water separating California from North America as the Gulf of California or Red Sea. Northern California is labeled as New Albion and contains a mountain chain with one mountain on the northwest California coast labeled as "Mt. St. Martin." In the Gulf of Mexico and in the Atlantic Ocean the routes of Spanish Galleons, the Armada and the "Flota" are shown. Areas inhabited by the North American Indian tribes are labeled including territory occupied by the Cherokee and the Apaches. Shows detailed river and place names including the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence Seaway and Hudson's Bay. Also depicts mountains in the west in an area labeled as Great Teguaio and in "Parts Unknown." Shows compass rose in upper right. The title cartouche is adorned with flowers and ornate decoration.
Scale: c.a. 1: 8, 000, 000.
|Contextual Notes||Richard William Seale (1732-1785) was an English draughtsman and engraver who worked for a number of individuals engraving maps for atlases and other books. He worked for Popple (1733), Tindal for his translation and continuation of Rapin's "The History of England" (1744-7), Pine and Tinney (1749), Bolton's "North America" (1750), Stow (1756) and "Universal Magazine" (1747-63) (Tooley, "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers" 572-3).|
This particular map was published in Rapin's "The History of England" volume 3, translated by Nicolas Tindal. According to Wheat, despite its late publication date of 1744 (1745?), the map continues to display a number of "throwback notions" of North American geography. For instance, the map follows the geography from apocryphal accounts by Baron Louis-Armand de Lom D'Arce de Lahontan in the late seventeenth century. Moreover, California is shown as an island (Wheat, 70-1). Within California, a mountain chain is shown and two mountains are actually labeled: M. Nevada and Mt. St. Martin. Six towns are also labeled in California including Canot, St. Nicholas, St. Juan, St. Isidore, Gigante and Na Sa de la Guada (Tooley, "California as an Island" 134, entry 97).
Baron Louis-Armand de Lom D'arce de Lahontan was a French military officer who served in various campaigns in Canada during the late seventeenth century. In 1683, he was first stationed in Quebec as a lieutenant. He later fought the Iroquois in 1684. After some exploration in 1685 in which he ended up at the River Minnesota, he published an account of his adventures there in "Nouveau Voyages dans l'Amérique Septentrionale" (1703), including in it a map of a mythical area in which a large and lavish tribe allegedly lived.
Howgego, Raymond John. "Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800: A Comprehensive Reference Guide to the History and Literature of Exploration, Travel, and Colonization from the Earliest Times to the Year 1800." Potts Point, Australia: Hordern House, 2003.
McLaughlin, Glen and Nancy H. Mayo. "The Mapping of California as an Island: An Illustrated Checklist." Saratoga, CA: California Map Society, 1995.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
---. "Chapter 3: California as an Island: A Geographic Misconception Illustrated by 100 Examples from 1625 to 1770." In "The Mapping of America." Ed. by Ronald Vere Tooley. London: Holland Press, 1985. 110-134.
University of Arizona Library. Accessed 5 Feb 2009.
Wheat, Carl I. "Mapping the Transmississippi West." Volume 1. San Francisco: Institute of Historical Cartography, 1957.
|Category||California as an Island|
Exploration and Discovery
|Location Depicted||North America|
|Subjects (LCSH)||North America--Maps--Early works to 1800.; Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de, 1666-1715?--Travel |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP013 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3301 S1 1744 S4 (map uncataloged) |
|Physical Description||37 x 46 cm. |
|Condition||Some foxing evident. Fraying slightly along left edge. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|References||McLaughlin and Mayo, 228. Tooley, Ronald Vere, "California as an Island: A Geographic Misconception Illustrated by 100 Examples from 1625 to 1770" in "The Mapping of America" 134, entry 97. University of Arizona Library, http://sabio.library.arizona.edu.ezproxy2.library.arizona.edu/search/X?t:(Map%20of%20North%20America%20with%20the%20European%20Settlements)&searchscope=9&l=&b=&SORT=D&m=&p=&Da=&Db= . Wheat, 70-71. |