|Title||National Guard at Franklin Coal Mines, Franklin, July 1891 |
|Caption||In 1891, coal miners in Issaquah, Newcastle, Black Diamond, and Franklin went on strike against the mine owners, the Oregon Improvement Company. In retaliation, the company brought in African American miners from Missouri. The black miners did not realize that they had been recruited to work in Franklin as strikebreakers. Isolated and far from home, they had little choice but to work in the mines. The striking miners, many of whom belonged to the Knights of Labor, an early labor union, turned violent and the governor of Washington ordered in the National Guard. Two men were killed and two women seriously wounded before peace was restored.|
In this July 1891 photo, members of Company I, National Guard of Washington, pose with their firearms and mascot dog. They had been ordered to report to Lt. Col. Joseph Green at the Franklin mines on July 3, 1891, and served there for more than a week until the situation was quiet again.
|Notes||Caption on mount: Faber - One Door West of Post Office - Seattle.|
Handwritten on mount: Out on scout. Co. I, Camp Green, Franklin Coal Mines, July, 1891.
Caption by MOHAI staff.
|Subjects||Militias--Washington (State)--Franklin; Military uniforms--Washington (State)--Franklin; Dogs--Washington (State)--Franklin; Firearms--Washington (State)--Franklin; Forests--Washington (State)--Franklin; Miners' strikes--Washington (State)--Franklin |
|Places||United States--Washington (State)--Franklin |
|Digital Collection||Museum of History & Industry Photograph Collection |
|Image Number||SHS2022 |
|Ordering Information||To order a reproduction or to inquire about permissions contact email@example.com or phone us at 206-324-1126. Please refer to the Image Number and provide a brief description of the photograph. |
|Credit Line||Museum of History & Industry, Seattle; All Rights Reserved |
|Repository||Museum of History & Industry, Seattle (MOHAI) |
|Repository Collection||Seattle Historical Society Collection |
|Physical Description||1 safety film negative: b&w; 4 x 5 in. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from print made from copy negative as a 3000 pixel TIFF image in 8-bit grayscale, resized to 640 pixels in the longest dimension and compressed into JPEG format using Photoshop 6.0 and its JPEG quality measurement 3. |