|Title||Vintage 19th c. marbled paper, Papier Croisé pattern |
|Date||19th century |
|Descriptive Notes||Wolfe: Papier Croisé pattern, Miura: Not listed.|
This pattern is amongst the d'Annonay papiers attributed by Wolfe (pg 113) to F.M. Montgolfier beginning around 1830.
This pattern is amongst those marbled papers which Wolfe designates "pseudo-marbling, " historically assigned the name Agathe or Achate (Agate) and more currently been called Bench papers.
This pattern is created when a paper, treated with potassium hydroxide or caustic potash, is laid out on a flat surface. The colors used would be the same as those for other marbled papers only here would be mixed with starch and alum. The colors would then be applied to the paper either by sprinkling them on or sponging them on. When making a Papier Croisé, the final step requires that the paper be lifted up and shifted in turns while still wet. This final step allows the colors run and mix, causing the characteristic "twists and turns in the design." (Wolfe pg 114).
The primary color for this example is green.
|Collection Notes||This example is scanned from a book cover.|
The book has Shell on Shell endsheets in yellow ochre, black and blue.
|Paper Process/Medium||Surface application papers -- Marbled papers |
|Prominent Pattern Type||Papier Croisé|
|Object Type||Paper;Marbled paper |
|Physical Description||22 x 14 cm. |
|References||Wolfe plate XXI 1-3 |
|Original Source||Beckford, William. Italy, with sketches of Spain and Portugal. Paris : Baudry's European library, 1834. |
|Digital Collection||Decorated and Decorative Paper Collection|
|Digital Image Number||DEP0150 |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections Division |
|Repository Collection||Binding Collection |
|Reference Number||D 974 B4 1834 |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from an original sample using a Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL at between 550-600 ppi, saved in TIFF, resized, and imported to JPEG 2000. |