|Title||Vintage 18th c. marbled paper, Papier Coulé pattern |
|Date||18th century |
|Descriptive Notes||Wolfe: Papier Coulé, Miura: Trickle marble or Papier Coulé.|
Papier Coulé is one of the three types of Annonay papiers. Identifying this amongst the three styles of Annonay papiers distinguishes them as amongst the two Wolfe categories of 'imitation or pseudo-marbled' papers attributed to French creation (Wolfe paraphrasing M. Fichtenberg also suggests that both the Germans and the French made versions of each others' pseudo-marbles at the same time so discerning the absolute country of origin varies often). All three of the Annonay papiers were, according to Wolfe, created in the same basic way though their end results came from the way in which they were finished be it splattered, sponged, etc.
Papier Coulé is related to the other Annonay papers but is closest in appearance and creation to Papier Croisé. The difference being that in a Croisé the wet paste is allowed to trickle in multiple directions whereas a Coulé is only run in a single direction.
This pattern is created when a paper laid on a flat surface is covered with a thin application of colored paste. A second, diluted color of paste would then be sprinkled onto the surface of the paper. The paper would then be attached to a board and tilted at an angle. The angle allows the still wet paste colors to run or 'trickle' causing the pattern to form.
The primary colors for this example are red and black.
|Collection Notes||This sample is scanned from a book cover.|
|Paper Process/Medium||Surface application papers -- Marbled papers |
|Prominent Pattern Type||Papier Croisé|
|Object Type||Paper;Marbled paper |
|Physical Description||17 x 11 cm. |
|References||Wolfe plate XX 8-9|
Muira pg 137
|Original Source||Collection of pamphlets on the French revolution. v.p., [1770-1792]. |
|Digital Collection||Decorated and Decorative Paper Collection|
|Digital Image Number||DEP0009 |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections Division |
|Repository Collection||Binding Collection |
|Reference Number||944.04 C685 v.1 |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from an original sample using a Microtek Scanmaker 9600XL at between 550-600 ppi, saved in TIFF, resized, and imported to JPEG 2000. |