New Map Of America From the latest Observations
|Title||New Map Of America From the latest Observations |
|Detailed view (zoom)||http://content.lib.washington.edu/mapsweb/images/Viewer/G3290_1721_S46.html |
|Cartographer||Senex, John, d. 1740|
|Engraver||Harris, John fl. 1680-1740|
|Century Published||18th century|
|Publication Date||1719 |
|Place of Publication||England--London |
|Original Source||"New General Atlas." Senex, John. London: D. Brown, 1721. |
|Descriptive Notes||Copper engraving handcolored with watercolor.|
Relief shown pictorially.
Printed in cartouche in upper left corner:
"A New Map of America From the latest Observations Revis'd by I. Senex. Most humbly Inscribed to the Right Honble. The Earl of Berkshire etc. Deputy Earl Marshal of England."
Printed in lower left corner in border:
"I. Harris Fecit.."
Shows California as an island with a region marked "Nova Albion" in its northern area. Of note, displays a large lake in the northwest of North America called "The Great Lake of Thoago or Thoya" with two rivers connecting it to the Pacific Ocean. The Mississippi River is shown as feeding into the Gulf of Mexico. Several islands and areas are marked in the far northwest off the coast of North America including Desolation, I. Colubra, I. Wanguino, I. Payham, and Maquino (Wagner, entry 520). The Canary Islands, the Cabo Verde islands and the Azores are displayed prominently off the coast of Africa. Illustrations in the title cartouche depict scenes of Native American warriors wearing feather headdresses, shooting arrows, engaging in warfare and seated with native birds and plants.
This is copy 2 of three copies.
Scale c.a. 1:37, 5000, 000.
|Contextual Notes||John Senex was a surveyor, engraver, publisher and Geographer to Queen Anne. His works include "System of Geography" (with Jeremiah Seller and C. Price), "General Atlas" fiolio 1708-12, Lawson's "Carolina" (1709), "England Atlas" (1714), Ogilby's "Roads" (1719), "New General Atlas" (1721), Mayo's "Barbados" (1722), Norden's "Hertfordshire" (1723), Budgen's "Sussex" (1724), "First Settlements America" (1735), and "Surrey, Sussex, Kent, Hants., and Berkshire" (1746) (Tooley, 574-6).|
Hon Harris was an engraver and draughtsman at Balls Head Court on Newgate Street in London. He engraved for many cartographers including Collins (1693), Morden (1696), Gascoigne (1700-3), Prat (1704), Cole (1710) and Senex (1719) (Tooley, 284).
This map was published in John Senex's "New General Atlas" in 1721 which may have been published as early as 1719. Of note the map depicts a number of strange islands and regions in the northwest of North America. Wagner notes an "I. S. Iago" and "I. Quiesinto" near the mouth of a river that flows into the "Great Lake of Thoago or Thoya." He also notes names of places that "do not belong there: I. Cosubra in 52 degrees, I. Wanguino in 53 degrees, I. Payham in 55 degrees, Maquino and two other unrecognizable ones on land named Desloation in 52 degrees, a Zapozitin in 60 degrees, an L. Aquinanbock in 60 degrees, and an L. Isles in 57 degrees" (Wagner, entry 520). Wagner also notes that Mississippi is drawn according to "Coronelli type" and the rest of the map is of "Briggs type" (entry 520).
Source(s): Leighly, John. "California as an Island: An Illustrated Essay." San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1972.
McLaughlin, Glen and Nancy H. Mayo. "The Mapping of California as an Island: An Illustrated Checklist." Saratoga, CA: California Map Society, 1995.
Tooley, Ronald Vere. "Chapter 3: California as an Island: A Geographic Misconception Illustrated by 100 Examples from 1625 to 1770." In "The Mapping of America." Ed. by Ronald Vere Tooley. London: Holland Press, 1985. 110-134.
---. "Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers." Hertfordshire: Map Collector Publications Limited, 1979.
Wagner, Henry R. "The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the Year 1800." Vol. II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937.
|Category||California as an Island|
Historical Illustrated Scene
|Location Depicted||Western Hemisphere|
|Subjects (LCSH)||North America--Maps--Early works to 1800; South America--Maps--Early works to 1800 |
|Digital Collection||World and Regional Maps, 16th to the 19th centuries|
|Digital ID Number||MAP009 |
|Ordering Information||For information about digital reproductions, please email email@example.com. Please cite the Digital ID number. |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division.|
|Repository Collection||Rare Map Collection. G3290 1721 S46 |
|Physical Description||47 x 55 cm. |
|Condition||Small tear in lower left corner and in middle of bottom edge. Repairs for tears along top edge. Has binder's guard. Original call number written in ink in lower left corner and crossed out next to red check mark. Original call number written in pencil in upper right corner. Written in pencil upper right corner: "Senex, John." Acquisition information written in pencil along left edge. Original call number and new call number written in lower left corner on verso. |
|Digital Reproduction Information||Scanned from original map at 600 dpi in TIFF format, resized and enhanced at 400 ppi using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using ContentDM's software JPEG2000 Extension. 2008. |
|Acquisition||Acquisition information written in pencil along left edge: 24 March 43. C. S. Hubbel. N.d. 5750. |
|References||"A new map of America, 1721." Warner Map Collection at the W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library at the University of Alabama. 2008. http://www.lib.ua.edu/libraries/hoole/digital/warner/pages/G3290_1721_S46x_c2.html. Leighly, 155. McLaughlin and Mayo, 83, entry 193. Tooley, 130. Wagner, entry 520. |