|Specific title||Bible leaf with gloss, 13th century (2 of 4): Titus 3: 2-10 (Beals 17 Folio 1 verso) |
|Uniform Title||Bible. N.T. Glossa Ordinaria. Latin. |
|Date||13th century, 2nd half |
|Earliest Date||1250 |
|Latest Date||1300 |
|Country of Origin||Unknown |
|Genre||Glossed Bible |
|Dimensions||370 x 260 mm (text block : 212 x 128 mm) |
|Number of Folios||This is the first leaf, recto, of a separated bifolium. |
|Script||Scripture: Textualis semi-quadrata: 3mm. |
Gloss: Textualis glossularis: 2 mm.
|Glosses||The standard gloss, written by Peter Lombard (1100-1160), appears to the right of each column of scripture. Like the scripture, it is written in black ink and appears to be by the same hand as the text. There are two lines of gloss for each line of scripture. Red underlines in the gloss indicate quotations or references to other scholars, identified earlier in the gloss. |
|Decoration||Text in black ink. Alternating red and blue intials, flourished in the opposite ink color, are used to mark the start of some verses. However, the two initials in the right-hand column are incorrect: the first should be a U ("ut") and the second should be an S ("stultas".) |
Text extends beyond ruling lines and the gloss occasionally extends into the column of scripture. Chapter name in upper margin of recto pages. Chapter numbers indicated in margin.
Text continues from Beals 17.1 (recto.)
|Notes||This manuscript is of European origin, possibly central Europe, because of distinctive wedge shape on ascenders.|
Layout: 4 columns, 29 lines of scripture, 59-60 for gloss. Ruling in crayon. Text starts below top ruling line, but ascenders extend above it.
Script: Pronounced breaking and biting; Square text blocks; Crossed Tironian et; g with compact lower bow; Casually applied feet; Strokes over i; Single compartment a; Inverted c for con; Letters above and on line; Use of H for enim.
Condition: There is a hole near the top-center of the page made at the time the skin was stretched. Pencilled notations in modern writing identify the starting and ending verse.
Text continues from recto side.
|Contextual Notes||In the 11th and 12th centuries, an increasing number of Bibles were produced with a standard commentary, or "gloss." While the original gloss for the Pauline letters was written by Anselm, it was increasingly replaced starting in the late 12th century by the commentary written by Peter the Lombard, a renowned teacher at the Notre Dame Cathedral School who was elected Bishop of Paris a year before his death.|
The commentary that became the standard gloss was published after Lombard's death in a volume titled "Collectanea in omnes d. Pauli apostoli epistolas" in the section named "Commentarius in Epistolam ad Titum." One of his students is believed to have added the red underlinings that help identify quotations/references.
|Incipit||//omnes homines |
|Explicit||correctcionem de vita// |
|Text source||Scripture: Latin Vulgate Bible|
Gloss: Peter Lombard's Commentarius in Epistolam ad Titum
|Subjects||Bible--Manuscripts; Bible--History |
|Digital Collection||Medieval and Historical Manuscripts |
|Repository||University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections Division |
|Identification Number||Beals 17.1v |
|Object Type||Manuscript, medieval |
|Provenance||Walter B. Beals Collection |
|Restrictions||All items in the collection are fragile, and permission is needed to view them, Access by appointment only. |
|Reference||Brown, 90-91; Bischoff, 128-30, 135-6; Derolez, 97. |
De Hamel, Christopher. 1987. Glossed books of the Bible and the origins of the Paris booktrade. Woodbridge, Suffolk: D.S. Brewer.